The term anabolic steroid basically refers to synthetic substances that are related to naturally occurring male sex hormones, such as testosterone, which itself could be defined as an anabolic steroid in the true sense. “Anabolic” means tissue fabricating. Anabolic agents are potent exponents of protein synthesis and thus are muscle building. Anabolic steroids are usually androgenic, which implies that they intensify male characteristics—body hair, muscle, male genitalia, and deep voice.
Anabolic steroids are prescription drugs with medical uses including the treatment of delayed puberty, wasting conditions, and osteoporosis. But they are often illegally used without a prescription by bodybuilders and weightlifters, as well as those facing in various sports Steroids USA.
List of Anabolic Steroids
In extension to these common steroids, new designer steroids are constantly being manufactured. Many on this list are sold under trade names and some doing delivery by Post Offices locations in US.
Anabolic steroids can exert various effects on the body including the following:
- Acne and cysts
- Breast enlargement and decrease in size of testicles in men
- Enlarged prostate
- Voice intensifies and growth of body hair in women
- Enlarged clitoris
- Growth of facial hair, changes in or cessation of the menstrual cycle in women
- Heart problems, including heart attack
- Liver disease, including cancer
- Aggressive behavior
- Erectile dysfunction
Continuous use of injected or oral steroids can cause the body to shut down its natural production of testosterone in the testes, thus shrinking them. Breasts can enlarge in men (gynecomastia) because estrogen is also in the pathway of anabolic steroid metabolism, called aromatization. Breast growth may be irreversible without plastic surgery. Steroid users often try to control this with other drugs.
Human growth hormones and precursors, estrogen antagonists, and testicle maintenance substances (HCG) are in common usage. The side effects are generally worse with oral anabolic steroids and those containing 17-alky.
Steroids Within Athletes
The use of anabolic steroids by athletes, especially athletes for whom speed and strength are important competitive characteristics, has been widespread. The effects of increasing muscle mass and decreasing body fat are desirable in a variety of sports and in competitive bodybuilding. Steroid use in sport is illegal and athletes may be tested for them. Among many other examples, Ben Johnson, the Canadian sprinter who won the Olympic 100 meters gold medal in 1988, used stanozolol and was eventually banned.
In the modern era, professional athletes tend to avoid the common steroids and use more sophisticated methods, perhaps involving natural testosterone and human growth hormone, which are more difficult to detect in abnormal amounts in urine or blood tests. Anabolic steroids are easily detected, although masking agents have been used with some success.
New synthetic structure of anabolic steroids called designer steroids and testosterone act-a likes are continuosly being created in laboratories, making detection by sports-doping authorities more tough for these substances.
Recreational use of steroids by young men, who are often naive in the toxicology and pharmacology of such substances, has grown substantially. They may also use other anabolic agents and supplements in conjunction with steroids. These recreational users may rely on supplement sellers and other unreliable sources for safety advice.
How Human Should Use Steroids
When taken orally (in pill form), there is a greater risk of liver damage and some anabolic steroids are broken down in the stomach and digestive tract so that they do not work.4 Because of this, the most effective method of taking many anabolic steroids is by injection, although needles have their own health risks. Creams and gels that are absorbed through the skin are also popular.
Stacking is a specimen of use of taking two or more oral or injectable types of steroids in hopes of better results. Doses are variable and maybe many times the dose given therapeutically for various medical conditions.
Cycling is the most popular protocol of use. Cycling involves taking a course of steroids, stopping (to let the body recover normal processes), and then commencing again. This may be done with pyramid doses, with smaller doses that are slowly increased to a peak, then slowly decreased to stop.