Vertigo is a sense of dizziness that gives the feeling of imbalance and a sensation similar to motion sickness or spinning of the surrounding. It is an acute and sudden debilitating condition that affects the body in sensing balance. Usually, it lasts for a short period of time, but episodes may also linger. Nausea, vomiting, sweating, swaying or tilting are other symptoms of vertigo.
There are two types of vertigo: peripheral and central. Peripheral is the more common of the two and is caused by:
Central vertigo usually occurs due to some malfunctioning in the brain stem or the back part of the brain (cerebellum) due to an injury or disease. It can be caused by a transient ischemic attack, brainstem infarction, multiple sclerosis and even migraines.
Homecare to prevent vertigo
The first episode of vertigo is not preventable; however, certain behavioural changes might help you prevent subsequent attacks.
On the other hand, dizziness is usually a symptom of an underlying condition. It is a broader term to generalize various feelings of being lightheaded, groggy, wonky, confused or unbalanced. Dizziness, if it happens once in a while, is not something to worry about. However recurrent dizziness can be caused by a serious underlying medical condition.
Apart from vertigo, there are a few other conditions that may also present with dizziness:
Some tips to prevent dizziness
Just like vertigo, the first bout of dizziness cannot be prevented but you can prevent further aggravation and subsequent bouts of dizziness. So, the first thing you should do is sit or lie down as soon as you start feeling dizzy as this averts a fall or injury. Rest until you feel better enough to resume activity.
To prevent another episode of dizziness you can try the following tips:
It is important to understand the difference between vertigo and dizziness as it helps with an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Frequent episodes of vertigo or dizziness could be a sign of an underlying health problem, so it is recommended that you consult a doctor.
For more information, read our article on Vertigo.
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