Dattatreya Jayanti 2020: Significance, Rituals & Date of the Festival

·4-min read

The Reincarnation Of The Hindu Trinity - Lord Dattatrey
Dattatreya Jayanti, the significant Hindu festival is celebrated on the Full Moon Night (Purnamasi) of the Margashirsha (Agrahayana) month. It is also known as Datta Jayanti. In 2020, Dattatreya Jayanti will fall on 29th December. It is believed that Lord Dattatreya was born on this day, and across the country, the day holds its significance.

As per the scriptures, Lord Dattatreya represents the fusion of the three Gods of the Hindu male trinity (Trimurti), namely Brahma - the creator, Vishnu - the preserver and Mahesh or Lord Shiva - the destroyer. However, sometimes, Lord Dattatreya is also considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

The Significance Of Lord Dattatreya Jayanti
Various temples are dedicated to Lord Dattatreya, more so in Southern India. He is considered a prominent deity in the state of Maharashtra. In fact, the much renowned Datta Sampradaya has risen on the cult of Dattatreya. Lord Dattatreya is said to have three heads and six arms. On Dattatreya Jayanti, usually his child form is worshipped. The day is celebrated with a lot of pomp and joy in Lord Dattatreya Temples in the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. It is believed that if one worships Lord Dattatreya with full devotion and fasts on Dattatreya Jayanti day, all his/her wants and wishes will get fulfilled.

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Date and Timings Of Dattatreya Jayanti 2020
As mentioned, the Dattatreya Jayanti falls on 29th December this year. Here are the Tithi timings for the same.
Date: 29th December 2020
Purnima Tithi Begins - 07:54 AM on Dec 29, 2020
Purnima Tithi Ends - 08:57 AM on Dec 30, 2020

The Story Or Legend Surrounding Lord Dattatreya
According to the Hindu tradition, Dattatreya was the son of the sage Atri and his wife, Anasuya. Anasuya was a very chaste and virtuous wife. She had done various Tapas (austerities) to get a son who equals the combine qualities of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. The Goddess trinity Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati, who are the consorts of the male trinity, became jealous of Ansuya and asked their husbands to test her virtuousness.

Thus, the three Gods came to Anasuya in the guise of sadhus (ascetics) and asked her for alms in a way that would test her chastity. Anasuya got very tense but soon regained her calm. She said a mantra and sprinkled water on the three sages, turning them into babies, and then breastfed them. When Atri came back to his ashram (hermitage), Anasuya told him what had happened, which he had already seen through his psychic powers. He embraced the three babies and transformed them into a single baby with three heads and six arms.

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As the three Gods did not return, their wives became worried, and they went to Anasuya. The three goddesses begged for her forgiveness and pleaded with her to send back their husbands. Anasuya accepted the request. Then the Trimurti appeared in their real form, before Atri and Anasuya, and blessed them with a son, Dattatreya. You too can worship Lord Vishnu to invoke his blessings and bring happiness to your life, Book Vishnu Puja Now!

Puja and Celebrations On Dattatreya Jayanti
As mentioned before, the temples of Lord Dattatreya are the centre of celebrations on this day. The devotees take a bath in holy rivers and a special Lord Dattatreya Puja if performed with incense, lamps, flowers, camphor.

The idols of Lord Dattatreya are worshipped at homes and temples to attain the path of righteousness. The temples are decorated, and people immerse themselves into bhajans and devotional songs dedicated to Lord Dattatreya. At some places, Avadhut Gita and Jivanmukta Gita are also read, which is said to have the sayings of the Lord himself.

We wish you all an auspicious and fruitful Dattatreya Jayanti!

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