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As per the report, India recorded the fastest reduction in multidimensional poverty, a nearly 50 percent reduction from 55 percent to 28 percent between 2005-06 and 2015-16. The country reported an improvement in all ten indicators over the ten-year period, with the most significant improvements being in sanitation, nutrition and cooking fuel, while housing and asset ownership also saw a marked improvement. As per the report, India has also registered an equitable growth, taking the poorest of its people along. Among the states, Jharkhand reduced the rate of multidimensional poverty incidence from 74.9 percent in 2005-06 to 46.5 percent in 2015-16, the fastest in the country. A lot more needs to be done, though - while four districts located in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, have more than 70 percent of its people under the poverty line, Alirajpur in Madhya Pradesh is the poorest district in the country, with a poverty rate of 76.5 percent - the same as Sierra Leone. Image credit: McKay Savage [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]

India has brought 271 million people out of poverty: UNDP's Multidimensional Poverty Index

As per the Multidimensional Poverty Index released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), India along with Cambodia, have been most successful in lifting people out of poverty. India was able to bring 271 million people out of poverty between 2006 and 2016.

However, the report also reveals that 1.3 billion people in the world are still multidimensionally poor, which means that they are not just below the income level, but are also poor on accounts of different indicators such as poor health, poor quality of work, and the threat of violence. Further, two-thirds of multidimensionally poor people live in the middle income countries.

As per the report, the progress in alleviating multidimensional poverty was driven primarily by South Asia. Further, children are in the forefront of bringing about a change. Out of the 436 million people living in households where no adult has completed six years of education, 135 million, which is just under a third, live with a child who has completed six years of education.

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) has been designed as a tool for measuring the progress of the Sustainable Development Goals. Among the main goals of the SDG is the elimination of poverty of all kinds. The report has looked at three dimensions of poverty – health, education and standard of living, which has further been divided into 10 indicators: nutrition, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, and assets.

The 2019 MPI studied acute multidimensional poverty in 101 countries, including 31 low-income, 68 middle-income and two high income countries.

We take a look at the countries that have taken the largest strides in multidimensional poverty alleviation, as per the index.