The 16 rites have their own significance in Hinduism. These are rites which a person is expected to follow for the passage of life. It covers the journey of life from conception to cremation. It helps to shape the inner-self. Out of these the tenth rite is the Upanayana or Yajnopaveet rite, which is called the Janeu rite in common parlance. Yajnopavit is a Sanskrit word that means getting the right to perform a yagna or havan. This is done after Karnavedha. In this rite, the child is put on janeu with full chanting and rituals. According to the scriptures, only after wearing the janeu, the child is considered worthy of learning. It is said that the worship of a child who does not have any rite of passage, take education, and start a business, everything remains fruitless.
What is Janeu?
Janeu is made by kneading three threads. It is easily recognizable because it is always tied to a person's left shoulder which touches their right wrist. The three threads that make Janeu represent Goddess of Power, i.e., Parvati, Goddess of Wealth, i.e., Lakshmi, and Goddess of Knowledge, i.e., Saraswati. And at the same time, there are symbols of the three Gunas - sattva, raja, and tam. The three threads are like the three parts of the Gayatri Mantra and the four Ashramas; they are tokens of Brahmacharya, Grihastha, and Vanaprastha. However, the fourth ashram removes janeu in sannyas.
Importance of Janeu
In the earlier days, people used to ask for an auspicious time from the astrologer this ritual is performed for the child to develop his intellect and age. According to the scriptures, a Brahmin child should be eight years old; a Kshatriya boy should be 11 years old, a Vaishya boy should be 12 years old. All the sins of the child's previous birth are washed away by performing the Janeu rituals. He is believed to be born again. But today, due to various reasons, Upanayana rites are being performed on the wedding day itself.
The nine strings
According to Vedic astrology, each thread in Janeu has three strings, making nine. According to astrological scriptures, wearing the janeu blesses the Navagraha (nine planets). It also indicates the body's outer pores: one mouth, two nostrils, two eyes, two ears, and ducts for urination and excretion.
The five knots
The five knots are tied in janeu, which indicates the five yajnas, the five senses, the five karmas, and the five mahabhutas. According to the scriptures, young unmarried boys wear sacred threads, which contains three threads. Married men wear sacred threads with six threads. And the men whose parents are no longer alive wear threads with nine strands.
A janeu is 96 fingers (angul) long, which means that the wearer has to learn 64 arts and 32 types of studies. These 32 sections of the syllabus include four Vedas, six Vedangs, six Darshans, three Sutra texts (collection of anecdotes), and nine Aranyakas. On the other hand, 64 arts include architecture, cooking, painting, literature, handicrafts, sewing, embroidery, weaving, and more.
How is the Upanayana ceremony performed?
A yajna is organized on the day of the Janeu rites.
The child who is going to have the sacrificial ritual sits in the yagna with his family.
On this occasion, the child wears unstitched clothes and holds a stick in one hand.
He wears a yellow cloth around his neck and a shoulder in his feet.
The child's head is shaved, and a peak is left. Sandalwood is applied to the forehead of the child.
The janeu is prepared with various mantras and is painted yellow. The mantra is as follows: ‘Yajnopavitam Param Prabham Prajapateryatsahjn Purast. Ayushyamagra Pratimuncha Shubram Yajnopavitam Balamastu Tej’.
Before starting the Janeu ritual, all the hair is shaved on the child's head. On the Upanayana Muhurta, the boy first takes a bath.
Then sandalwood paste is applied on their head and body, after which the preparations for the Havan begin.
Now, the child sits for Ganesh Puja (worship of Lord Ganesha) and Yajna.
Now to invoke the Gods and Goddesses, he recites the Gayatri Mantra ten thousand times. The boy now pledges to follow the scriptures and observe the vow. Later, he sits with other boys his age and eats churma, and then takes a bath.
After this, the father, or any other elder of the family, then recites the Gayatri Mantra to the child and tells him, "From today you are a Brahmin." After this, he gives the boy a stick and ties Mekhala and Khandni, and he begs the attendees.
After dinner, the child runs away from home, pretending he will "go to Kashi for studies." Shortly after that, people go and bring him back by giving him a lure and a bribe in the name of marriage. Now the ritual is complete, and the boy is a Brahmin. In this way, the Janeu ceremony is performed.
Facts related to Janeu Dhan
If Janeu is tied to one's ear, it helps increase one's memory and helps prevent constipation and keep it free from stomach disease.
There is a popular belief that if one wears janeu, he is protected from negative thoughts throughout life.
Helps in attaining Moksha or Moksha after death.
It is said that once wearing it, Janeu should not be removed from the body.
If the thread breaks or is lost for some reason, a new thread must be tied instead, and the old one should not be reused.
There are many scientific reasons behind Janeu. It keeps the urinary system and bladder healthy. It also helps in reducing blood pressure and heart-related disease. It also helps to increase memory.
Count of Upanayan Sanskar Muhurta
The Sanatan tradition describes the auspicious time for every auspicious task. This is because it is believed that when you start an important work at an auspicious time, it has a better chance of success and positive results.
Specific dates that fall between the months of Magha and Jyeshtha are considered auspicious, especially for the Yajnopaveet Sanskar.
These include Dwitiya, Tritiya, Pancham, Dasham, Ekadashi, Dwadashi in Shukla Paksha for dates, while Krishnapaksha includes Dwitiya, Tritiya, and Pancham. In addition to dates, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday are the best days when it comes to the day, while Sunday is a moderate one, and Monday is the least favorite day for rituals. Tuesday or Saturday are inauspicious days for Janeu rites.
Along with this, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Pushya, Dhanishta, Ashwini, Mrigashira, Punaravasu, Shravan, and Revathi Nakshatras are auspicious for this ritual. On the other hand, Yajnopaveet rites can be performed in any constellation except Bharani, Kritika, Magha, Visakha, and Jyestha.
We have presented the auspicious time of Yagyopaveet Sanskar to be held in 2021. So let us know when in 12 months are the auspicious times
22 April 2021, Thursday, 05:49 am to 06:55 am
29 April 2021, Thursday, 05:42 am to 11:48 pm
13 May 2021, Thursday, 05:32 am to 02:29 pm
16 May 2021, Sunday, 10:01 am to 02:17 pm
17 May 2021, Monday, 05:29 am to 11:35 pm
21 May 2021, Friday, 11:11 pm to 03:22 pm
23 May 2021, Sunday, 06:43 am to 06:48 am
30 May 2021, Sunday, 05:24 am to 03:03 pm
13 June 2021, Sunday, 05:23 am to 02:44 pm
20 June 2021, Sunday, 10:31 am to 04:22 pm