As per the Hindu scriptures, the Hindu calendar has designated some festivals or rituals to be performed every month. Among them, the one occasion that is the most important for married women is the fast that falls in the month of Kartik on the Chaturthi Tithi of Krishna Paksha. This occasion is called Karva Chauth. Karva Chauth is a significant festival celebrated by married women. On this day, married women observe a day-long fast without water.
Most Hindus worldwide celebrate this festival; however, this occasion is most popular in Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, etc. The Karva Chauth fast is kept in different places as per the prevailing beliefs there. Although there might be slight differences in the beliefs, in essence, this fast is observed for the longevity of the husband’s life. Reach out to the best astrologers at Astroyogi! Call Now!
Karva Chauth Significance
It is believed by Hindus that if married women fast on this day, it helps in prolonging the life of their husbands. Additionally, many unmarried girls also observe the Karva Chauth fast to pray for a good husband. Karva Chauth is not just a regular fast; it is the festival to strengthen the sacred relationship between a husband and wife.
During the day of Karva Chauth, women pass the day listening to the mythological stories. But as soon as the Sun sets, they wait with bated breath for the Moon to appear. In the scriptures, the Moon is considered the symbol of age, happiness, and peace. This is why worshipping the Moon makes the married life blissful and prolongs the husband's life. When the Moon is sighted, the terraces become a live spectacle. All the women who had kept fast during the day to pray for their husbands' long life, after sighting and worshipping the Moon, drink water and take the first bite of food from their husband's hand. Thus, this also becomes a romantic occasion symbolizing the love between the husband and wife.
Karva Chauth is celebrated with great joy. Women especially dress up for this occasion, which is called 16 Shringar. This includes applying mehendi or henna on their hands, wearing sindoor (vermillion), red clothes, mangalsutra, bindi, bangles, toe-ring, kajal, anklet, nose ring, earrings, maang tika, kamarband (waistband), bajuband (armlet), ring and gajra (flower garland for hair).
Things Needed for Karva Chauth Puja
Holy Ganga Water
Yellow clay for making Gauri
Wooden pedestal or seat
Eight puris of Athavari
Karva Chauth Rules
Make sure to gather all the needed materials a day in advance. On the day of Karva Chauth, wake up in Brahma Muhurta and take a bath. Wear clean clothes and get ready for the occasion. On this day, worshipping the Karva and worshipping Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati is the norm.
On Karva Chauth, women go without food or water from before the sunrise till the Moon comes out. Once the Moon is sighted, only then the fast can be broken. In the evening, approximately an hour before the moonrise, the entire divine Shiva family (Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Kartikeya) is worshipped. It is believed that while worshipping, the person who has kept fast should be facing the East. As the women don't consume water the whole day, once they see their husband through the chalni or sieve on which a lamp is placed, the husband breaks the wife's fast by making her drink water.
Know About the Karva Chauth Ritual
An essential part of the Karva Chauth ritual is sargi. The mothers-in-law prepare traditional sweet and savoury dishes and present the plate or thaali of sargi to their daughters-in-law on this occasion. The sargi plate includes kheer, sevaiyaan, feni, matthri, fruits, and nuts. They have the sargi early in the morning before the sunrise. After eating this, they do not consume food or water for the entire day.
You should follow the right method of observing the fast and worshiping on this day. To help you out, here is the complete Karwa Chauth vidhi that you need to follow on Karva Chauth 2020.
Retire from your routine work early in the morning, and take a sankalp (oath) and start the Karwa Chauth vrat (fast).
To do your karwa chauth vrat vidhi properly, make sure not to drink water while fasting.
After taking a bath in the morning, start the Karva Chauth fast by taking a Sankalp (oath).
At the time of the morning worship (puja), begin the fast by chanting the mantra. The mantra is- “Mama Sukha Soubhagya Putra Pootradi Susthira Sri Praptya Karak Chaturthi Vratham Karishyate.”
Put ochre on the wall of the temple of your house and grind the rice. Then used the liquefied rice solution to draw on the Karva. This ritual is called the Karva Dharna.
In the evening, take the idol of Lord Ganesha and place him in the lap of the idol of Goddess Parvati and place them on a wooden pedestal.
Adorn Goddess Parvati with all the adornments which a married woman wears.
Worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Also, fill water in the Kore Karva and worship it.
The married women should observe the fast for the whole day and listen to the Karva Chauth Vrat Katha (story).
When the moonrises, the wife first sees the Moon using a sieve. Then she looks at her husband from the same sieve and prays for his well-being and long life.
Once you have sighted the Moon in the evening, consume the water and food offered to you by your husband.
End the fast by taking the blessings of your husband and in-laws.
Karva Chauth 2020 Date
Given below is the significant date and time for Karva Chauth 2020.
Date- 4th November 2020
Karwa Chauth Puja Muhurat- 17:29 pm to 18:48 pm (4th November 2020)
Chaturthi Tithi (Begins)- 03:24 am (4th November 2020)
Chaturthi Tithi (End)- 05:14 am (5th November 2020)
Moonrise Time in Major Cities for Karwa Chauth 2020
Here’s the much-awaited Karva Chauth moonrise time in major cities-
Moonrise time in Delhi: 8:12 PM
Moonrise time in Mumbai: 8:52 PM
Moonrise time in Lucknow: 8:01 PM
Moonrise time in Chandigarh: 8:09 PM
Moonrise time in Gurgaon: 8:13 PM
Moonrise time in Patna: 7:47 PM
Moonrise time in Kolkata: 7:40 PM
Moonrise time in Bengaluru: 8:44 PM
Moonrise time in Chennai: 8:33 PM
Moonrise time in Bhopal: 8:24 PM
Moonrise time in Ahmedabad: 8:44 PM
Moonrise time in Bhubaneswar: 7:55 PM
Moontime time in Amritsar: 8:14 PM
Moonrise time in Hyderabad: 8:32 PM
If you want to find out the moonrise time in your city as per the Panchang, click here!
Happy Karva Chauth!