During Navratri, Goddess Durga is worshipped in nine forms. The first form of Goddess Durga – Maa Shailputri is worshipped on the first day of Navratri. Goddess Parvati took rebirth as the daughter of Lord Himalayas and was known as Shailputri. In Sanskrit, Shail means mountain and hence, Goddess Parvati was known as Shailputri (daughter of the mountain).
Ma Bhagwati in her previous birth was the daughter of Daksha Prajapati and her name was Sati. She was married to Lord Shiva but in a ceremony organised by Daksha, she self immolated in the yogic fire as she couldn’t bear the insult meted out to her husband by her father in that ceremony. When she was reborn, she incarnated herself as Goddess Parvati, the daughter of the Parvat Raj Himalayas. Like her previous birth, she got married to Lord Shiva during this birth as well. She is the first and the most significant among the Nava Durgas worshipped during Navratri.
Place a red cloth on a chowki where you want to place Goddess Shailputri’s picture. Write `Sh’ with Kesar on it and place Gutika there. Take red flowers in your hand and pray to Goddess Shailputri while chanting this mantra:
Om Aim Hreem Kleem Chamundaye Vichaye Om Shailputri Dewya Namah
While chanting the mantra, offer flowers and gutika to the Goddess and place them on her picture. After that, offer bhog and chant the mantra given below at least 108 times.
Om Shan Shailputri Dewya
After chanting the mantra 108 times, pray to the Goddess and perform aarti and kirtan.
Pratham Durga Twahi Bhavsagar
Tardeem Dhan Aishwarya Dayini Shailputri Pranmabhyahum
Trilojanani Twahi Paramanand Pradiyamaan
Saubhagyarogya Dayini Shailputri Pranmabhyahum
Charachareshwari Twahi Mahamohvinashin
Mukti Bhukti Dayini Shailputri Pranmabhyahum