As we celebrate our 73rd Independence Day, it seems apt to look back at some of the historically significant landmarks across different cities. We started with Kolkata landmarks and now travel to Delhi.
1. Birla Bhavan
The place where Mahatma Gandhi spent the last days of his life originally belonged to the Birla family. It was where Gandhi was assassinated. The Government of India took it over in 1971 and it was reopened as Gandhi Smriti.
Photograph: Gaurav Vaidya/Wikimedia Commons
2. Raj Ghat
Raj Ghat is where Mahatma Gandhi has been cremated. The memorial for Mahatma Gandhi is a black marble platform that is open to the elements as an eternal flame burns at one end. It also houses two museums dedicated to the Father of the Nation.
Photograph: Humayunn Niaz Ahmed Peerzaada/Wikimedia Commons
3. India Gate
One of the largest war memorials in the country, India Gate was originally called the All India War Memorial. It was erected to commemorate the soldiers of the British Indian Army who had lost their lives in World War I and the Afghan Wars. Today, the eternal flame or the Amar Jawan Jyoti commemorates the soldiers who died in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971.
Photograph: A Savin/Wikimedia Commons
4. Red Fort
The place where Bahadur Shah Zafar was tried after the First War of Independence failed is perhaps the most recognisable monument in the country. Several freedom fighters and national leaders made speeches from here during the independence struggle. Today, the ramparts of Red Fort are the venue for the prime minister’s annual speech on Independence Day.
Photograph: Anjisnu Raha/Wikimedia Commons
5. Chandni Chowk
The neighbourhood that’s legendary for its food witnessed a bloody hanging of 200 ulema or Muslim scholars during the 1857 freedom struggle. It’s also where several national leaders including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and C Rajgopalachari held public meetings, including the most famous one where 30,000 people gathered to protest the Rowlatt Act. Don’t forget the history the next time you dig into a nalli nihari.