While experts like Dr. Anthony Fauci tell us to avoid crowds and bars to prevent the spread of coronavirus, many of us are still wondering what other places—in addition to watering holes—we should be avoiding at all costs. So we at Eat This, Not That! Health spoke with an Infectious Diseases Specialist at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Debra Goff, PharmD, FIDSA, Professor of Pharmacy Practice, who told us the places that are on her coronavirus black list. Read on to stay healthy, and also don't miss this essential list of the Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Cruise Ships You might want to avoid sailing the friendly seas until after the pandemic is under control. Despite the fact that many ships are starting to sail once again, Dr. Goff isn't planning on boarding a sea vessel anytime soon. "It is a contained closed environment with large numbers of people," she points out. Early in the pandemic, major coronavirus outbreaks on cruise ships were grabbing headlines daily, with over 40 vessels reporting cases. One ship alone, the Diamond Princess, had over 700 infections. RELATED: COVID Symptoms Usually Appear in This Order, Study Finds 2 Large Indoor Gatherings Indoor weddings, funerals, birthday parties, retirement bashes, and pretty much every possible large event thelp indoors has one thing in common—the potential to be a coronavirus superspreader event. Endless outbreaks have been tied to large gatherings of people across the country, and Dr. Goff won't be a guest at one of these until the pandemic is under control. Even if people have the best intentions, and show up wearing a mask, chances are they will take it off at some point. "People need to remove their face-masks to eat and drink," she points out. "The lack of face-masks plus confined closed space makes this risky." 3 Dinner at a Friend's House—or With Anyone You're Not Sheltering With, Including Family A friend invites you over for dinner. How risky can that be? You trust your friend, and you won't be in a public place, so everything should be fine, right? Not-so-much, according to Dr. Goff. "Lack of face masks in a confined closed space makes this risky," she points out. If you do get invited for dinner, request an al fresco meal. "Eat outside to decrease the risk," she suggests. RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says Most People Did This Before Catching COVID 4 Theaters Broadway and most live theaters have yet to open their curtains, but many movie theaters are welcoming movie goers back. While a dark theater, the latest Will Smith flick and a tub of popcorn may seem like the perfect escape, Dr. Goff warns against a day at the theater. "Being in a closed space for two or more hours with strangers makes this risky," she points out. Until coronavirus is an afterthought, you are better off streaming a movie at home and microwaving a bag of popcorn. 5 Public Transportation Buses, trains, subways, and all other sorts of public transportation involves packing a bunch of people into a small enclosed space, which is the perfect environment for a virus to spread. If you can, avoid public transportation, warns Dr. Goff—she is. "The inability to social distance and potential to encounter people without face masks makes this risky," she points out. So avoid those spaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious-disease expert, said you need to carefully consider whether previously "innocent, lovely" holiday gatherings are worth the risk of COVID-19 they bring this year. "I think the people in this country need to realistically do a risk-benefit assessment," said Fauci. "Every family is different. Everyone has a different level of risk that they want to tolerate." Read on for his full warning, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. Dr. Fauci Says Ask Yourself, Is Hanging Out Worth Harming Someone Else?COVID-19 cases are rising in all 50 states, largely driven by small gatherings. Health officials worry that Thanksgiving will cause a surge of cases that might overwhelm hospitals."When you think of the holiday season and the congregating indoors at what are innocent, lovely functions like meals with family and friends, you've got to really think" of the risk factors, said Fauci.For example: "Do you have people in your family that are elderly that might have underlying conditions like someone on chemotherapy or other things that weaken their immune system? Do you really want to get a crowd of 10, 15, 20 people, many of whom are coming in from places where they've gone from crowded airports to planes getting into the house?" RELATED: This is the #1 Way You'll Get COVID, According to DoctorsThe CDC Discourages Thanksgiving TravelOn Thursday, the CDC advised Americans to avoid Thanksgiving travel and to limit gatherings to people who live in the same household, meaning those who have lived primarily in the same house for at least 14 days. Holiday gatherings "have been such joyous things in the past, but this is a very special situation," Fauci added. "You don't want to call it a law, but you want to say, at least give your family the benefit of having considered, what is the risk-benefit" of having a gathering, "as opposed to constraining what you do to the very core people who live in your home. You just need to consider it and make your own decision."Fauci, who is 79, has said he plans to limit his own family Thanksgiving this year—his three grown children won't be visiting. "They made the decision that they live so far away in different cities throughout the country, that they don't want to take that trip here and endanger their dad," he said on Thursday. Fauci and his wife plan to chat over Zoom with their children and their families while they eat dinner. "That's our decision," he said. "That doesn't mean everybody's got to make that decision, but everybody should at least think about the risk that you might be putting your loved ones under."RELATED: 21 Subtle Signs You've Already Had COVIDHow to Survive the PandemicAs for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear a face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Could you have had COVID-19 and not even realized it? Possibly. "The majority of people who contract the coronavirus will experience mild symptoms, the most common being a high temperature and a new, dry and continuous cough. A smaller percentage of people will experience more severe symptoms," explains Dr. Daniel Atkinson, GP Clinical Lead at Treated.com. However, because the coronavirus actually has a spectrum of symptoms—some so mild they are barely noticeable or easily confused with something else—it can go unnoticed or undiagnosed. Read on to discover the 21 subtle signs you've already had coronavirus, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Runny Nose, Sore Throat, and Congestion Dr. Atkinson maintains that the trifecta of a runny nose, sore throat, and congestion, can signify a mild case of COVID-19. However, because it "sounds, and likely feels, a lot like the common cold, or a hay fever allergy," many people likely brushed them off. 2 Reduced, or Loss of, Sense of Taste and Smell Some people who experience a loss of their taste and smell may have contracted the coronavirus. "It's a symptom that might accompany really mild symptoms, like those not dissimilar to the common cold—runny nose, congestion and sore throat—but it can also accompany the very mild symptoms, such as muscle aches, fatigue, fever and a continuous cough," Dr. Atkinson points out. While it is not fully understood yet why some people report experiencing a loss in taste and smell, it is thought that in the majority of cases the sense returns after no more than six weeks, he explains. 3 Reduced Appetite Dr. Atkinson adds that when your body is infected by a virus like COVID-19, your appetite can become reduced. "If this is accompanied by a loss of taste and smell it can make wanting to eat or drink really difficult," he explains. "It's really important to drink plenty of fluids to help your body combat the virus and minimize the symptoms and even if you don't feel like it, try to eat something, even if it's just a snack or a small meal." 4 Breathlessness As novel coronavirus is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, things like coughing, a sore throat and breathlessness can occur as symptoms, explains Dr. Atkinson. While the most common is the dry, continuous cough often reported on, if you're feeling breathless—more so than usual—and if it happens when you're at rest, then it may be cause for concern and you should (or should have) sought medical advice straight away. 5 Tiredness and Fatigue When your body is fighting any kind of infection, it uses up energy. "Most people will feel tired or lethargic so won't be exercising or going to work when they're ill but some fitness enthusiasts insist on continuing with exercise to try and battle on through," explains Dr. Atkinson. This is not usually helpful, the body needs time to rest physically whilst the immune system does the work so take a break from the circuit training for a few days. "You should not ignore your body's signals," he adds. "Resting and sleeping while you're unwell is an essential part of your recovery." 6 "COVID Toes" Dermatologists have observed purple lesions on the feet and hands of some patients with COVID-19 infection, explains Caroline Nelson, MD, a Yale Medicine dermatologist. These lesions are most often found in otherwise asymptomatic children and young adults, and may be itchy or painful.While the association is still under investigation, this finding is often called "COVID toes." Importantly, severe COVID-19 infection may also increase the tendency of the blood to clot, depriving the skin of blood flow and leading to purple skin lesions. Subtle differences in appearance provide doctors with clues to differentiate causes of purple skin lesions associated with COVID-19 infection. 7 Pink Eye If you have recently suffered from conjunctivitis, a.k.a. pink eye, it could have been due to COVID-19. "Several reports suggest that SARS-CoV-2 can cause a mild follicular conjunctivitis otherwise indistinguishable from other viral causes, and possibly be transmitted by aerosol contact with conjunctiva," the American Academy of Ophthalmology recently said in a statement. This is why some experts are recommending contact lens wearers to switch to glasses during the pandemic. 8 Diarrhea or Nausea According to the CDC, "Some persons with COVID-19 have experienced gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and nausea prior to developing fever and lower respiratory tract signs and symptoms." In fact, a study published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology found that digestive issues were more common in those with COVID-19 than previously thought, and that up to half of patients diagnosed complained about one of these symptoms. 9 A Fever Spike Did you have a fever that came and went so quickly you brushed it off? Well, it could have been COVID-19. According to the World Health Organization, 87.9% of 55,924 laboratory-confirmed cases of coronavirus reported a fever—making it by far the most common symptom. 10 Muscle Pain Perhaps you wrote off those body aches, pains, and soreness due to overexertion. Or maybe you thought you had the flu. However, according to the CDC muscle pain is a symptom of coronavirus. RELATED: This is the #1 Way You'll Get COVID, According to Doctors 11 COVID Rashes "The skin is often a window into a person's health and may show signs of COVID-19 infection," explains Dr. Nelson. Rashes may present as small blisters, morbilliform ("measles-like") exanthems (many, often symmetric, pink-to-red bumps that can merge together), and hives (itchy red wheels on the skin). Purple skin lesions reported in patients with COVID-19 range from itchy to painful bumps on the hands and feet ("COVID toes") to angulated areas of skin injury from lack of blood flow."It is important to note that these skin signs are non-specific, meaning that they can be associated with other infections, systemic disorders, and medication reactions. It is important to seek medical advice from your physician," Dr. Nelson says. 12 Disorientation Some COVID-19 victims suffer from disorientation and confusion. One study published in JAMA found that over a third of hospitalized patients in Wuhan, China showed neurologic manifestations of the disease — including loss of balance or coordination, loss of consciousness, and seizures. 13 A Dry Cough A dry cough is one of the defining symptoms of COVID-19, according to the WHO. What is the difference between a wet and dry cough? As the name implies, a wet cough will likely produce mucus or phlegm, while a dry cough is, well, dry. 14 The Chills or Repeated Shaking The CDC made six new additions to their official list of COVID-19 symptoms. Amongst them was not only "chills" but "repeated shaking with chills." The symptom generally goes hand-in-hand with a fever. RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says Most People Did This Before Catching COVID 15 Throbbing Headache If you feel a jackhammer in your head, it may be COVID-19. "Findings from an observational study of more than 100 patients show headache onset may occur during the presymptomatic and/or symptomatic phases of COVID-19 progression and sometimes mimics tension or migraine headaches," reports Optometry Times. 16 Chest Pain "Some people say they continue to experience symptoms months after infection," reports Heart.org. "In doctor visits and on social media groups, a growing number of patients report lingering symptoms ranging from mild issues, such as continued loss of taste or smell, to more serious ones, such as heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, extreme fatigue, cognitive difficulties or recurring fevers. Whether these symptoms eventually resolve or whether they signal permanent damage from the virus remains unknown." 17 Loss of Speech or Movement "People of all ages who experience fever and/or cough associated with difficulty breathing/shortness of breath, chest pain/pressure, or loss of speech or movement should seek medical attention immediately," reports WHO.RELATED: Unhealthiest Habits on the Planet, According to Doctors 18 You Become Forgetful "Our experience with previous forms of coronaviruses suggest that in the long-term patients may develop depression, insomnia, Parkinson's disease, memory loss, or accelerated aging in the brain," says Dr. Majid Fotuhi, MD, Ph.D., who is the medical director of NeuroGrow Brain Fitness Center in Northern Virginia and an affiliate staff at Johns Hopkins Medicine. "For those recovering from COVID-19, I recommend regular exercise, eating a heart healthy diet, reducing stress, and improving sleep; these are critical ways patients can rejuvenate their brain and minimize having poor outcomes in the future." 19 You Were Sick Early in the Year If you were sick in January or February and brushed it off as the flu or a cold, it could have actually been COVID-19. While the first known case of coronavirus in the United States was reported in early January, community spread didn't appear to be an issue—or so we thought. In fact, it wasn't until late February that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed the first case of COVID-19 in a patient in California who had no known contact with anyone who had been diagnosed with the virus or no travel history to an outbreak area. However, recently it was confirmed that there were two coronavirus-related deaths as early as February in California. Since the COVID outbreak took place during peak cold and flu season, it's quite possible that you were battling coronavirus and didn't know it. 20 You Spent Time in a Hotspot If you spent some time in any of the early coronavirus hotspots—specifically indoor restaurants, bars, places of worship, or offices—and felt under the weather, it could have been COVID-19. Last week WHO added many of the places or situations where the virus had the potential to spread in an airborne manner involved enclosed spaces where people were likely to be "shouting, talking, or singing.""In these outbreaks, aerosol transmission, particularly in these indoor locations where there are crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces where infected persons spend long periods of time with others, cannot be ruled out," the WHO confessed. 21 Be Concerned if You Were Around Others Who Tested Positive If you were around other people who tested positive for COVID-19, there is a good chance you had it too. According to research, an overwhelming amount of people are asymptomatic carriers. In most of the study groups, they were living in the same area as others who tested positive. So, if someone in your house was sick, but you never showed symptoms, there is a good chance you had it, too. 22 There is Only One Way to Check if You've Already Had Coronavirus Dr. Atkinson points out that the only way to truly know if you had COVID-19 is by using an antibody test, a test that confirms whether or not someone had been infected with the virus in the past. Although note that no test is 100% accurate, including these—and some people who have had COVID-19 may show no antibodies. Call your doctor to ask for one—or if you think you currently have COVID-19.And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
When the first cases of COVID-19 were identified less than a year ago, the symptom list was relatively short. Amongst the most commonly identified traits of the virus? Shortness of breath, fever, and dry cough. However, in the months that followed, researchers have identified more and more signs of the virus, ranging from its initial manifestations to prolonged—and even long-term–damage to an individual's health. On Tuesday, during a pre-recorded address for the American Heart Association's virtual Scientific Sessions, Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the nation's leading infectious disease expert, revealed a frightening new effect of the virus that could have serious long-term repercussions. Read on to hear his warning, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. COVID-19 Can Lead to Heart Inflammation—In People Who Have RecoveredAccording to Dr. Fauci, in addition to other underlying medical problems linked to severe COVID-19 infections, chronic heart conditions can arise. He specifically noted reports of possible heart inflammation in people who have recovered.One of them? A German study published in JAMA Cardiology. Using MRIs it found that of people who recovered from the virus, a whopping 78% of patients had cardiac involvement and 60% had ongoing myocardial inflammation, which could lead to chronic damage. He also pointed to another study of college athletes, showing that of those infected with the virus and underwent cardiac MRI, 15% had findings consistent with myocarditis."This needs to be repeated in other labs and followed up," he said. "But if it is true, it's something we need long-term follow up (on)."He also noted other potential long term damage the virus is capable of wreaking. "If you look at the manifestations of severe COVID-19, they are plentiful." Fauci said. "I mentioned the cardiac ones, but they're also acute respiratory distress syndrome. There is kidney injury, neurological injury, a hypercoagulable state manifested by microthrombosis in small vessels and acute thrombotic phenomenon, sometimes seen in otherwise well, young individuals."RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says Most People Did This Before Catching COVIDHow to Avoid an Inflammed Heart During the PandemicThe best way to avoid COVID-19 health damage? By not getting infected in the first place. His steps for doing so: "One is the universal wearing of masks or cloth coverings. The other is maintaining physical distances – at least six feet." Additionally avoiding crowds, particularly indoors, staying outdoors instead of indoors, and frequently washing hands. "If those five public health measures were adhered to universally and consistently over the country," Fauci said, "it is clear from my previous experience with other nations and even regions in our own country, we would not be having the degree of surging of cases that we are currently seeing."As for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear your face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, stay outdoors more than indoors. "We have seen what happens when you don't do that by the very unfortunate experiences that have become very public now in the United States. I mean, that's proof positive," says Dr. Anthony Fauci. And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
As coronavirus cases and hospitalizations hit record numbers, you're bring told being outdoors is better than indoors. But is it safe to go outside? How do you know you won't get the virus? How do you become infected with COVID-19? What can you do to stay safe? As a doctor, I'm asked these questions all the time. Here are the top ways to avoid catching coronavirus. Note that there is no way to actually NEVER catch the virus, but there are sensible actions you can take to considerably decrease your risk. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Remember: You're Safest at Home. But You're Safer Outdoors Than in an Enclosed Space That's Not Your Home You're safest when in your own home—there is always risk outside—so stay in unless it's absolutely essential to leave. And do not have people you're not sheltering with into your home. As for other people's spaces: Don't go inside another person's house, or any buildings other than your own home, unless you're willing to take the risk. Being outside is, in fact, safer. You are very unlikely to get infected with COVID-19 outside in the fresh air. The risk of transmission increases significantly when you go indoors.We know that the virus spreads itself from person to person inside droplets of respiratory mucus. These are exhaled when an infected person speaks, coughs or sneezes. The larger respiratory droplets only travel a short distance and are quickly dispersed by wind and air currents, before they fall to the ground. The virus is also sensitive to temperature, and humidity, so it cannot exist for long periods suspended in the air, or outside the body. Smaller droplets, known as aerosols can linger for up to 3 hours.However, if you go indoors, you have lost this protection.Be aware that air conditioning units and ventilation systems may increase the risk of transmission, especially in shopping malls, restaurants, and offices, for example. The key message is to practice social distancing at all times—the CDC recommendation is that you stay 6 feet, (about 2 arms lengths) away from any person who is not in your household. And if someone in your household becomes ill, immediately quarantine that person, get them tested—and wear a facemask inside your home. 2 When to Wear a Mask The CDC recommends everyone wears a mask if they are out of their own home, and unable to practice safe social distancing—for example, inside a supermarket, a pharmacy or a doctor's office. This is especially important any time you are inside. Outside, if you are in a built-up area, where the sidewalks are crowded, you should also wear a mask, and of course, whenever you use public transport. However, if you are walking, when you get into a less busy spot, where you can keep your 6 feet distance with ease, you can remove your mask. When you are out in the open, such as a park, woodland or a non-crowded beach (or in the water), there is no need to wear a mask.Wearing a mask is helpful to reduce viral spreading, however, it does not prevent viral spread altogether. Don't think that by wearing a mask, none of the other protective measures matter. You still need to be hand washing frequently and staying 6 feet away from other people. 3 Keep Moving Scientists believe you must be in close proximity to another person for at least 15 minutes to stand a good chance of acquiring the virus. They also feel it's important to keep moving. You are less likely to transmit the virus if you walk and talk 6 feet apart, than if you sit still, for example, sharing a park bench, or a beach towel, even when you still maintain the 6-foot distance.Remember, you do need to breathe in a significant amount of virus to become infected. You won't get infected from breathing in just a few virus particles. However, no-one knows how much virus is required to result in a person becoming infected with COVID-19. To stay safe‚ stay outside in the fresh air, stay 6 feet away from other people, and keep moving when possible. 4 Plan Ahead The days of popping to the corner shop without a second thought have now disappeared. The virus is still there, and no-one wants a second peak, so don't take chances. When you go anywhere, plan ahead.It's still important to limit going out, and even though businesses are reopening, and life seems to be resuming some sort of normality, it's going out, and mixing with other people which increases the risk of becoming infected.Here's some advice:If you want to go with friends and/or family to any outdoor venue, such as a woodland park, look it up first online. Choose somewhere close to home. Check the car parking, and the facilities. Take adequate food and water supplies with you. Try to avoid peak times to avoid the crowds. Take your mask, and hand sanitizer. You should only meet up with a small group, and limit the number of other households. Risk is increased when you mix with larger numbers of people and people you don't know, and from new households.Wear your mask anywhere where social distancing is not possible.Check the map of states with reported COVID-19 infections, and the updates from your local health department, plus any specific stay at home requests from your state.Wash your hands frequently before, during, and after the trip.Follow local instructions when you get to the venue. Touch as little as possible. Disposable barbecues are not advisable as they can cause wildfires. Keep to footpaths. Take all your litter home with you.When you get home, why not leave your shoes outside the house. COVID-19 has been found frequently on the shoes of healthcare workers and those working in a pharmacy. 5 Be Assertive The challenges of COVID-19 have brought out the best and worst in people's behavior. Some people seem to think there is one rule for the rest of the country and a different rule for them. (For an example, see what's happening in Texas.) Others, absorbed in chatting to friends or looking after children, tend to forget they should be keeping their distance. So quite often you can look around you and see people cheek-by-jowl, and seemingly completely unconcerned.Now is the time to be assertive. Don't be afraid if someone is encroaching on your space to ask them politely "Please can I have a bit more space here." Be polite, and try to be friendly, and non-accusing. You don't want to provoke a violent reaction.Set a good example. Be proactive about handwashing and using a sanitizing gel. Cross the road if necessary, to give people a wide berth. Move a seat away on public transport if needed. 6 Keep a Safe Distance Behind the Person in Front of You When Walking There's a lot more to becoming infected than just inhaling a few virus particles—there has to be a sufficient number of virus particles, and these have to be capable of surviving and reproducing in order to infect you. The closer you are to someone else, the greater the risk. At 6 feet away, the risk is minimal, especially outdoors, whatever the other person is doing. However, keep a safe distance and use your common sense. If you can, dodge the slipstream and walk to one side. 7 Don't Greet Other People With a Hug or a Kiss It's instinctive to run up and hug and kiss friends and family. But this is now a big "no-no" for anyone not living under your roof. The virus is transmitted in saliva, so do not kiss anyone, share a drink, or eat any food someone else has been eating, who is not living in your household. So for now, there are plenty of other greetings—from a Vulcan salute to an air-hug!RELATED: Unhealthiest Habits on the Planet, According to Doctors 8 Try to Avoid Using a Public Toilet If you must use a toilet while you are out, take extreme care as this is where transmission could occur. COVID-19 was isolated from 60% of toilet sites (toilet seat, sink and door handle) from an infected patient's hospital room.Although COVID-19 is largely spread through respiratory droplets, it may be spread from feces. After having your bowels open, when you flush the toilet, viral particles in the feces can spread upwards as an aerosol in the plume of water, some suggest as high as 3 feet.Evidence suggests the virus can survive for up to 3 hours as an aerosol, and 3 days, if splashed onto a plastic surface, such as a toilet seat. If you go into someone's home, they could be shedding virus. Or indeed, if you visit a public toilet, you have no idea who has just been in there before you. Visiting the toilet has to be one of the riskiest moments for viral transmission. Make sure before you leave your house, you have your mask, disposable gloves, sanitizing wipes and alcohol gel in your bag. 9 Going Swimming Chlorine and bromine both effectively destroy COVID-19. The CDC states that swimming in swimming pools is safe. However, it's the proximity to other people that's the problem and you still need to stay 6 feet away in the water. You will probably be safer in a friend's swimming pool in their backyard than in a public swimming pool.Take care in crowded locker rooms, and when using the shower and bathroom facilities, washing your hands as usual and keeping your distance.Freshwater, such as outdoor rivers and lakes, have the potential to be contaminated with COVID-19 from untreated sewage. Get advice from the State-Based Healthy Swimming Information.If you visit a beach, make sure you maintain social distancing, swim, and enjoy your recreation, then move on. It may not be advisable to set up camp on the beach for long periods. 10 What About Take Out Food? The good news is that having take out does not appear particularly risky. However, for the lowest risk on a day out you are probably best to prepare and take your own food. You may want to purchase hot food or drinks while you are out, and the principles are the same.Most evidence suggests there is little risk from COVID transmission through food or the packaging of food. If you swallow the virus into your stomach it's likely to be killed by stomach acids anyway.However, here are a few tips:Make it a contactless purchase.The vendor should put the food down on the counter and step back before you step forward to pick it up.Wash your hands before eating. 11 One Last Note From the Doctor Remember: People infected with COVID-19 excrete virus when they have no symptoms. Asymptomatic people, infected with COVID-19, who don't know they have the infection, are just as infectious, and transmit just as much virus, as those who have tested positive, and do have symptoms. If someone feels well, you can't tell if they have COVID-19, unless they have a test. Even someone who appears completely well may have the virus in their body and can pass it on to you. This is everyone you pass on the street, in the park, and at the corner shop. Stay alert and be on a constant lookout. COVID-19 is a hidden enemy. And stay indoors unless it's absolutely essential not to. And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.Dr. Deborah Lee is a medical writer for Dr Fox Online Pharmacy.
You've heard of the common symptoms of coronavirus: Cough, fever, and shortness of breath. But according to Andrew Chan, a professor of immunology and infectious disease at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, one symptom is a sure sign you've had COVID-19. Read on to learn about what it feels like—and if you should be worried. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Raised Skin Bumps a Problem Chan, co-founder of the COVID Symptom Study app, whose data is being used by researchers around the world, claims that it has been detecting more cases of raised skin bumps and inflammation on fingers and toes—aka COVID fingers and toes—and that it should be considered a key diagnostic sign of the disease. In fact, many people are experiencing these strange dermatological manifestations in the absence of any other symptoms. Researchers noted three types of rashes—click through for each. 2 Hive-Type Rash (urticaria)Sudden appearance of raised bumps on the skin which come and go quite quickly over hours and are usually very itchy. It can involve any part of the body, and often starts with intense itching of the palms or soles, and can cause swelling of the lips and eyelids. These rashes can present quite early on in the infection, but can also last a long time afterwards. 3 Prickly Heat or Chicken Pox-Type Rash (erythemato-papular or erythemato-vesicular rash)Areas of small, itchy red bumps that can occur anywhere on the body, but particularly the elbows and knees as well as the back of the hands and feet. The rash can persist for days or weeks. 4 COVID Fingers and Toes (chilblains)Reddish and purplish bumps on the fingers or toes, which may be sore but not usually itchy. This type of rash is most specific to COVID-19, is more common in younger people with the disease, and tends to present later on.RELATED: Unhealthiest Habits on the Planet, According to Doctors 5 Rashes May Be a Specific Sign—Isolate if You Have It "Even though skin rashes may not be that common in COVID, the fact that they do arise, the fact that they may be a more specific sign, highlight how important it is to really assess their prevalence and how predictive they are," Chan explained in an interview with VOX."Many viral infections can affect the skin, so it's not surprising that we are seeing these rashes in COVID-19," study author Dr. Veronique Bataille, consultant dermatologist at St Thomas' Hospital and King's College London, explained in a press release. "However, it is important that people know that in some cases, a rash may be the first or only symptom of the disease. So if you notice a new rash, you should take it seriously by self-isolating and getting tested as soon as possible." 6 How to Avoid COVID-19 As for yourself, avoid catching COVID-19: wear your face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
With coronavirus cases and hospitalizations hitting record numbers, you may be wondering if every cough or sniffle is COVID-19 or the flu. Both are highly contagious, so you should contact a medical professional immediately if you think you have either, but one symptom is unique to coronavirus, according to the US Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams, who is a member of the White House coronavirus task force. Read on to hear his full warning, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.Anosmia and Ageusia are Common Signs of COVID-19, Says Surgeon General"The one symptom that I would alert people to that really differentiates flu from COVID is loss of taste or smell," Adams said on NPR's All Things Considered. "If you get that symptom, then you need to be reaching out to your health provider right away and going in and getting a COVID test."The medical terms are anosmia—the loss of smell—and dysgeusia—an altered sense of taste."A change in—or loss of—someone's sense of smell or taste are now recognized as core symptoms of coronavirus," the BBC says. It can last for a few days—or longer. Says the BBC, an "international team of researchers surveyed 187 Italians who had the virus but who were not ill enough to be admitted to hospital. The individuals were asked to rate their sense of smell or taste soon after they were diagnosed and again a month later. A total of 113 reported an alteration in their sense of smell and/or taste:55 said they had recovered fully46 reported improvements in their symptoms12 found their symptoms were unchanged or worse."The study, published in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head&Neck Surgery, shows those senses may never come back."Almost 90% of people who lost their sense of smell or taste while infected with Covid-19 improved or recovered within a month, a study has found. The study, in Italy, found 49% of patients had fully regained their sense of smell or taste and 40% reported improvements," reports the BBC. "But 10% said their symptoms remained the same or had worsened. Given the scale of the pandemic, experts warn hundreds of thousands of people could face longer-term problems."One other difference between COVID and the flu: "COVID seems to spread much more easily than the flu, and it causes much more serious illnesses in some people," warned Adams. So get tested if you lose your sense of taste or smell. And get a flu vaccine if you haven't had one yet.Dr. Adams Admitted There is COVID-Fatigue, Leading to SpreadIn the NPR interview, Dr. Adams said COVID fatigue was one reason cases were soaring. "The virus hit different places of the country at different points," he said. "And so you've had people who've been doing these things since February, March, April, but they didn't really start to see the wave until later on. And they're just plain tired.""Because people in North Dakota or people in Arkansas or people in California may not feel that they have to take the same measures as someone in New York City," he continued. "So I've been in South Dakota. I've been in Wisconsin. I've been in Ohio just over the past two weeks, really speaking directly to people, helping them understand their surges that are going on and the measures that they need to take at their state level."Adams said nonetheless, we must all remain vigilant in following the fundamentals. "The three W's are most important if you do come together around other people: wear a mask, wash your hands and frequently disinfect commonly touched surfaces, and watch your distance from other people," Adams says. "And if you can't do these things in this environment where you're planning on coming together, then you should probably stay home because, again, this virus is incredibly unforgiving."As for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear your face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, stay outdoors more than indoors, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Over the last few weeks, the COVID-19 pandemic has begun spiraling out of control, as predicted by many of the country's top health experts. With cooling temperatures across the country compounded with coronavirus fatigue, people are heading indoors, congregating with friends and family, and abandoning many of the recommended prevention methods — mask wearing, social distancing, staying outdoors instead of indoors, avoiding crowded spaces and practicing hand hygiene. This week alone the United States alone is averaging a whopping 153,400 new COVID cases daily, breaking records over and over again in regards to new infections, hospitalizations, and even deaths. So, how are the nation's top physicians altering their lives in order to keep themselves and others safe? Dr. Darren Mareiniss, MD, FACEP, Emergency Medicine Physician at Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia and expert in pandemic preparedness, who is currently in the midst of treating patients with the virus, has revealed to Eat This, Not That! Health five things he is not doing right now. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 He Is Not Eating Indoors "Our number of COVID patients is significantly higher. Hospitalizations are also increasing. The viral surge is definitely happening right now. I'm seeing widespread cases," says Dr. Mareiniss. "As an Emergency Medicine doctor, I see COVID patients all the time and am even more cautious about potentially spreading the disease. Even if I was not seeing these patients daily, I would not be interacting with others." In order to keep himself, his family, his patients, and community safe, he has made some sacrifices —and recommends that others do too. For example, since the start of the pandemic, Dr. Mareiniss has avoided indoor dining, which has been linked to various COVID infections. "I don't want to take my mask off," he points out, adding that there can be a higher risk of spread dependent on ventilation. 2 He Is Not Traveling Due to a variety of factors, Dr. Mareiniss is avoiding travel at all costs. "It is not advisable," he states, noting that recycled air and poor ventilation on public transit like trains or planes can increase risk of infection. "Also, it is detrimental to public health, as you could potentially be spreading disease around the country and even the world." 3 He Is Not Spending the Holidays with Extended Family Dr. Mareiniss reveals that he will be spending the holidays—including Thanksgiving—with only those residing in his home. "Both the travel problem and indoor eating issues" can lead to infection, he points out. 4 He is Not Spending Time with Others In order to avoid spreading or becoming infected with the virus, Dr. Mareiniss is not spending time with people that don't live in his house. RELATED: Unhealthiest Habits on the Planet, According to Doctors 5 He Is Not Sending His Kids to School Dr. Mareiniss reveals that his kids are currently doing virtual school. While kids are much less likely to become seriously ill or even show symptoms of the virus, he points out that "CDC studies show kids can effectively spread the virus." As for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear your face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
By now, everyone knows the common early signs of COVID-19: Fever, shortness of breath, a dry cough. But three lesser-known symptoms may also indicate a coronavirus infection, a new study has found.Researchers looked at the presenting symptoms of nearly 12,000 people who were tested for COVID-19 at five New York City emergency departments. Of the patients who tested positive, those well-known symptoms were the most common: fever (74% reported this), shortness of breath (68%), and cough (65%). But a majority of positive COVID-19 cases were accompanied by more obscure signs: weakness (58%), poor blood sugar control (56%) and gastrointestinal symptoms (51%). Read on to see if you have these symptoms, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.Older patients reported certain symptoms more oftenThe scientists also found that some symptoms were more common in people over 65. 77% of people with diarrhea, 74% of people reporting fatigue, and 69% of people complaining of weakness tested positive for COVID-19. And older patients with four symptoms—dehydration, altered mental status, falls and high blood sugar—were at higher risk for death.The study's findings can help hospitals improve COVID treatment and are "important for family members and people that work with the elderly to better identify possible warning signs of COVID-19 infection," study co-author Dr. Christopher Clifford of Mount Sinai told Reuters.RELATED: This is the #1 Way You'll Get COVID, According to DoctorsBe aware of this potential symptomIn particular, the study joins a growing body of research that has found how common gastrointestinal symptoms are with coronavirus—sometimes as the only symptom. This month, a review of 36 studies found that nearly 20% patients reported only stomach problems after being infected with COVID-19, including appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. One aspect of COVID-19 that has been particularly vexing for doctors is that 40% of people infected may never show symptoms of the disease, but go on to infect people who are at higher risk for worse outcomes, including the elderly and immunocompromised.So do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear a face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
With coronavirus cases frequently resulting in 1,000 deaths a day, and hospitals overflowing in states like Nebraska, it's natural to worry: Am I going to catch it, too? Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious disease doctor and director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, talked with Andrea Mitchell of MSNBC about where everyone is catching COVID these days. Read on to hear his warning, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.The Rising Cases Do Not Surprise Dr. FauciDr. Fauci warned a day might come in which we reached more than 100,000 cases a day—and it's here. "I think it's pretty clear what's happening when I made that—um, I wouldn't say prediction; I didn't want to jinx us—but I said I would not be surprised, this was at a Senate hearing or months ago, when I said when we were at 40,000 cases, that if we did not do something different, really accelerate our prevention activities, that I would not be surprised if we reach a hundred thousand. And unfortunately, very, unfortunately, that was prescient because as you pointed out correctly, we're over that right now."Fauci says "the reason I'm not surprised at it is that whenever you have a respiratory borne illness and you enter into the cooler months of the fall and the soon to be colder months of the winter, you do more things indoors as opposed to outdoors. And that's just another added ingredient to the risk you have with a respiratory infection."Dr. Fauci Says Here's Where Many People are Catching COVID"It was very interesting—when Dr. Birx"—that's Dr. Deborah Birx, a fellow member of the Coronavirus Task Force—"has gone around the country, trying to get this message across, she has noted—and in my own intelligence, as it were, because I connect with people in the different cities throughout the country—they are seeing now infections less in the big gatherings than in family gatherings, friends getting together, eight to 10 people for dinner, in a social gathering in which they feel well, 'We know everybody here. We may not need to wear a mask, but we may not need to get tested.' We need to know about the asymptomatic spread. It's important. We cannot deny it. There are people out there innocently and unwittingly who are infected, don't have any symptoms or infecting others. So much more widespread testing of asymptomatic individuals is going to be very important as we enter and go into these months of indoor type gatherings."RELATED: The Unhealthiest Supplements You Shouldn't TakeHow to Avoid Death During the PandemicUntil the vaccine is available, practice Fauci's fundamentals: avoid family gatherings, wear a face mask, social distance, stay outdoors more than indoors, avoid crowds and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
As predicted, the United States is currently in the midst of a COVID-19 crisis, with the number of infections, hospitalizations, and death toll increasing daily. However, some states are faring worse than others in this latest surge of the virus, which has infected over 10.2 million Americans and robbed over 239,000 of their lives. While nobody wants another lockdown similar to the one in March, a few states are in trouble. Here are 5 states that are heading in that direction. Read on to hear which states will be most affected, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Nebraska The state of Nebraska is currently experiencing a major surge of cases and hospitalizations. The amount of people hospitalized with COVID-19 has more than doubled in three weeks, with 794 currently taking up beds. On Friday the number of infections was 2,681 — with a whopping 3,276 added over the weekend. As a result Gov. Pete Ricketts announced tightened restrictions, which will go in effect Wednesday at midnight. They include mask mandates at businesses when people are in close contact for 15 minutes, social distancing of 6 feet at gyms, bars, restaurants and churches, an occupancy reduction at indoor gatherings to 25% from 50%, and social distancing at restaurants and bars. 2 Kentucky On Monday, Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear revealed that his state was in"significant danger" from the virus, with a whopping 80 counties in the "red zone as cases, hospitalizations and deaths increase rapidly" and a test positivity rate of 7.5%. "We are clearly at the worst place we have been for this disease," Dr. Steven Stack, commissioner of the Kentucky Department for Public Health, said in a press release. "It took us almost 15 weeks from the start of this pandemic in Kentucky just to get to the number of cases we had last week alone." 3 Utah Utah has been adding 2,000 new daily COVID-19 infections to their tally, with their hospitals at the brink of capacity. Gov. Gary Herbert declared a state of emergency on Sunday, issuing a state mask mandate and other restrictions, begging residents "to do everything in your power to stop the spread of this disease." He also banned social gathering for the next two weeks, expanded testing, and suspended all high school and club sporting events as well as other "extracurricular activities." However, playoff and championship games as well as intercollegiate sports are exempt. Businesses must also force employees to wear masks and encourage patrons to do the same. "Masks do not negatively affect our economy, and wearing them is the easiest way to slow the spread of the virus," he said. 4 Texas Texas, hit particularly hard over the summer, is facing a new COVID-19 crisis. Currently the state boasts a 10% positivity rate, and has more total cases than anywhere in the country, currently close to 1 million. In El Paso, the pandemic has gotten so out of hand with infections and hospitalizations on the rise, that the city is running out of room in their morgues. County Judge Ricardo Samaniego recently had to request four more trailers — bringing the total to ten — to hold all the bodies. "It may be as much as 20 per day the next two to three weeks. There might be more and more an incline of deaths," Samaniego told CNN affiliate KFOX. This comes just weeks after he ordered a two-week shutdown of nonessential services, proclaiming that the city had never experienced "this level of infections." Elsewhere in the Lone Star state, cases are soaring at Texas A&M and many schools are switching to virtual platforms. 5 Wisconsin Wisconsin, sandwiched between the other troubled midwestern states Illinois and Minnesota, is breaking their own records in terms of hospitalizations and infections, with over 2,000 people seeking inpatient care as of Monday. The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports that this is an increase of over 350 in a single week and a staggering 560% increase over the last two months. The state Department of Health Services on Monday also reported 4,360 new cases and 17 deaths, for a grand death toll of 2,329. Their average number of daily cases has been breaking records over and over for weeks, with their seven-day case average increasing by over 1,000 in a week — more than six times than it was just two months ago — and the third highest in the country. They also rank third in terms of the most daily cases in the nation. Democratic Gov. Tony Evers issued mask mandates over the last few months, and faced serious scrutiny and even legal action from conservative groups. RELATED: Unhealthiest Habits on the Planet, According to Doctors 6 How to Avoid Death During the Pandemic As for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear a face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
With coronavirus cases breaking records every day—the country recorded 126,742 new cases yesterday, the fourth day in a week with more than 100,000—leading experts worry more deaths are ahead. And the rest of us wonder, when will this end? Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious disease expert, answered that question in an interview Saturday with the American Medical Association (AMA). "How do you see the next one or two years unfolding?" asked host James Madara, MD, AMA CEO and EVP. "Where do we stand and how should we be looking at this?" Read on to see when things may return to normal, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.What Did Dr. Facui Reveal About the Vaccine Progress, Which is Key to Returning to Normality?Dr. Fauci started by discussing the vaccine. "The issue with vaccines is actually good news in a time of considerable concern and stress about the outbreak," he said. "We have six candidates that the United States government is helping out with either in the development of, or in the facilitation of the testing of five of those six are already in phase three trial. And two of them, the Moderna and the Pfizer product started phase three trials on July, the 27th, they're fully enrolled. And as you and I are speaking right now, data being collected regarding efficacy and safety."Fauci said: "We hope that as we get into November and maybe in the early December, we get an answer as to whether or not one or more of these candidates are safe and effective. I'm cautiously optimistic that we will have a safe and effective vaccine. And then we'll be able to start distributing doses reasonably soon thereafter integrated fashion to individuals with the highest priority such as healthcare workers and people on the front lines."When Did Dr. Fauci Say We'd Get Back to Normal?So what would that mean for getting back to normal? "There are two factors that are going to determine the degree to which public health measures are going to be playing an important part in protecting our country and the people in our country," he said. "First of all, how effective would the vaccine be? And as importantly, how many individuals are going to opt to take the vaccine, because, you know, there is a considerable degree of reticence/skepticism about the vaccine that we need to overcome by transparency and messaging and reaching out to the community." "But if we get a reasonably effective—75% effective vaccine," he continued, "and a substantial proportion of the population takes the vaccine, I think we're going to be going in the right direction towards approaching some degree of normality as we head into 2021—in the second, third and fourth quarter of 2021. So that's good news."Fauci was certain to add there's no reason to start popping champagne bottles yet. "I mean, obviously you can't declare victory until you get the results of whether or not the vaccine is safe and effective. But as I mentioned, I'm cautiously optimistic based on data that we have from the animal studies, as well as from the phase one trial showing a robust degree of neutralizing antibodies in those early phase one studies. So things are looking good in that regard," he said.What to Do Until Then to Avoid DeathAs for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear your face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
The United States just has more coronavirus cases in a day since the pandemic began—with 126,742 new cases—leading experts to warn we're in for a dark and deadly winter. It was the fourth day in a week in which new cases topped 100K. One expert who warned this would happen—Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious disease expert—warned of long-lasting COVID symptoms in an interview Saturday with the American Medical Association (AMA). "We do know for absolutely certain that there is a post COVID-19 syndrome—referred to sometimes as 'long COVID,' 'chronic COVID,' 'long haulers.' It's got different names," Fauci said. Read on to see if you have any of these symptoms, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 First of All, These Symptoms Linger "We're studying a number of cohorts now that the NIH is funding," Fauci told host James Madara, MD, AMA CEO and EVP. "And in fact, we have a program right here, here in Bethesda"—where the National Institutes of Health is based—"in which we're looking at a large cohort of post-COVID survivors. And we're seeing variable percentages in anywhere from 25 to 35% or more have lingering symptoms. Well beyond what you'd expect post any viral syndrome like influenza and others." Read on to hear the specific symptoms. 2 Fatigue "One study of 143 people with COVID-19 discharged from a hospital in Rome found that 53% had reported fatigue and 43% had shortness of breath an average of 2 months after their symptoms started," reports Nature. "A study of patients in China showed that 25% had abnormal lung function after 3 months, and that 16% were still fatigued." 3 Shortness of Breath "We know that COVID-19 attacks the lungs, causing inflammation. This may leave survivors with persistent shortness of breath," reports Hackensack Meridian Health. "Some people who recover from COVID-19 can experience a dry cough or pain when breathing after the illness. Those who had to be placed on a ventilator may have more severe symptoms." "If you've had COVID-19 and you're still having trouble breathing, talk to your doctor about a pulmonary evaluation for treatment and rehabilitation to help rebuild strength," says Laurie Jacobs, M.D., chair of the Department of Internal Medicine at Hackensack University Medical Center. 4 Muscle Aches "Besides the well-described symptoms of fever, cough, and loss of smell are other effects, including fatigue, rash, headache, abdominal pain, and diarrhea," reports MedicalXpress. "People who develop more severe forms of the disease also report confusion, severe muscle pains, cough and shortness of breath." 5 Dysautonomia Dysautonomia is "a dysfunction of the nerves that regulate nonvoluntary body functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and sweating," per the Mayo Clinic. "Everyone's a little different, but some people are having excessive tachycardia, which is a fast heart rate," Lauren Stiles, the president of Dysautonomia International, told Tampa Bay 10. "Some people are having hypertension or high blood pressure or other people are feeling lightheaded and dizzy when they stand up, which is a very common symptom when your autonomic nervous system isn't working right," Stiles said. 6 Sleep Disturbances "Half of patients recovering from COVID-19 reported difficulty sleeping as one of the lingering symptoms in a survey of more than 1,500 people in the Survivor Corp Facebook group (a resource for COVID-19 survivors with over 100,000 members)," reports the TODAY Show. "About 16% reported sleeping more than normal." 7 Brain Fog Dr. Fauci called brain fog "a nonmedical way of describing a lack of ability to concentrate or to focus." Wired interviewed Aluko Hope, a critical care specialist at Montefiore Hospital in New York City, and said of his patients: "There are memory problems. About a third of his patients say they can't recall telephone numbers they used to know, or that they struggle to remember the right word, feeling like it's on the tip of their tongue but just out of reach. They can't remember where their keys are, what basic traffic rules are. This mental fuzziness, often referred to as 'brain fog,' has become one of a number of reported Covid-19 recovery symptoms." 8 Heart Damage "The other thing we're seeing that's really quite curious and somewhat disturbing is that there have been a number of studies of people who have recovered virologically from either moderate divvied disease, or maybe severe disease, which required hospitalization," said Fauci. "You didn't have to be hospitalized to get this, but when a bunch of cardiologists did MRI scans of the heart, they found that even in asymptomatic people, about 60% of them had indication of inflammation in the heart. Now that could be of no ultimate clinical consequence, which would be fine, or it could down the pike lead to things like premature, atherosclerotic, cardiovascular disease, unexplained arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies.""Heart damage like this might also explain some frequently reported long-term symptoms like shortness of breath, chest pain, and heart palpitations," says the CDC. "The risk of heart damage may not be limited to older and middle-aged adults. For example, young adults with COVID-19, including athletes, can also suffer from myocarditis." 9 Dr. Fauci Said These Symptoms Last Months, Possibly Longer, No One Knows "There's no doubt that that is going on, that can last anywhere from weeks to months, and it might even be longer," he said. "And the reason we don't know it's longer because we've only been involved with the syndrome for about 10 months right now. So it could be even longer than that. If you've experienced any of the symptoms mentioned here, contact a medical professional immediately. As for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear your face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Fever, dry cough, fatigue, loss of sense of smell and taste are common early signs that you might have COVID-19, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, according to one new study there is another symptom that arises early on in an infection that might help you identify whether or not you have the virus that has killed over 234,000 Americans. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.What is the Early Sign You May Have COVID?The new research conducted by researchers from the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) and published in the open access Journal of Clinical Immunology and Immunotherapy found that delirium paired with a fever may be an early sign of COVID. They point out that this mental confusion could be a manifestation of the other symptoms — loss of sense of taste and smell, headaches, coughing, and breathing difficulties. "Delirium is a state of confusion in which the person feels out of touch with reality, as if they are dreaming," UOC researcher Javier Correa, who carried out this study at the University of Bordeaux (France), explained in a press release. He added that "we need to be on the alert, particularly in an epidemiological situation like this, because an individual presenting certain signs of confusion may be an indication of infection."Correa and UOC Cognitive NeuroLab researcher Diego Redolar Ripoll focused on research surrounding how the virus affects the brain. They found that in addition to the damage the virus wreaks on the respiratory system, kidneys, and heart, that it also impacts the central nervous system, producing neurocognitive alterations, including headaches and delirium, as well as psychotic episodes."The main hypotheses which explain how the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 affects the brain point to three possible causes: hypoxia or neuronal oxygen deficiency, inflammation of brain tissue due to cytokine storm and the fact that the virus has the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier to directly invade the brain," Correa explained. He pointed out that all of these could result in delirium, and that hypoxia-related brain damage has been evidenced in autopsies of coronavirus victims. Therefore, they believe that systemic inflammation of the organ and a state of hypoxia are what causes the delirium. RELATED: The Unhealthiest Supplements You Shouldn't TakeSymptoms of DeliriumAccording to the Mayo Clinic, "symptoms of delirium include:Reduced awareness of the environmentThis may result in:An inability to stay focused on a topic or to switch topicsGetting stuck on an idea rather than responding to questions or conversationBeing easily distracted by unimportant thingsBeing withdrawn, with little or no activity or little response to the environmentPoor thinking skills (cognitive impairment)This may appear as:Poor memory, particularly of recent eventsDisorientation — for example, not knowing where you are or who you areDifficulty speaking or recalling wordsRambling or nonsense speechTrouble understanding speechDifficulty reading or writingBehavior changesThese may include:Seeing things that don't exist (hallucinations)Restlessness, agitation or combative behaviorCalling out, moaning or making other soundsBeing quiet and withdrawn — especially in older adultsSlowed movement or lethargyDisturbed sleep habitsReversal of night-day sleep-wake cycleEmotional disturbancesThese may appear as:Anxiety, fear or paranoiaDepressionIrritability or angerA sense of feeling elated (euphoria)ApathyRapid and unpredictable mood shiftsPersonality changes"RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says You Don't Have to Do This Anymore to Avoid COVIDHow to Avoid COVID-19As for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear your face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
As COVID-19 infections continue to increase in the United States, making the right decisions when it comes to protecting yourself against coronavirus has never been more important. While most of the country shut down during the initial COVID-19 outbreak in March, forcing Americans indoors and limiting their activities, this fall and winter there are many more options. However, just because you can go places and engage in your favorite activities, doesn't mean you should. In case you are curious about the places you should avoid at all costs, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's leading infectious disease expert and key member of the White House Coronavirus Task Force, has provided us with a comprehensive list. Here are all the places you shouldn't visit, even if they are open, according to Dr. Fauci, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Dr. Fauci Says You Shouldn't Visit Bars Fauci has repeatedly warned that Americans should consider one place a no-go zone: Bars. "Bars: really not good, really not good. Congregation at a bar, inside, is bad news. We really have got to stop that," he said in a June 30 Senate hearing, and it still applies. 2 Dr. Fauci Says You Shouldn't Go to Nightclubs Like bars, nightclubs are not a good idea since they involve many of the same risky activities as bars: drinking, lots of people congregating in a tight indoor space, talking, laughing, and dancing. 3 Dr. Fauci Says to Avoid Indoor Restaurants Earlier this year Fauci revealed to the Washington Post that he wouldn't even think of dining in. "We don't do anything inside," he said. "I don't eat in restaurants. We do get takeout." Later on he revealed on Good Morning America that restaurants, along with bars, concerned him, because "when you're dealing with community spread, and you have the kind of congregate setting where people get together, particularly without masks, you're really asking for trouble," he pointed out. 4 Dr. Fauci Wouldn't Go to a Gym Indoor gyms are not a place where you will find Fauci this winter. "I wouldn't go to a gym," Fauci told the Washington Post earlier this year. "I need to be so careful. I don't want to take a chance." Instead, he exercises with brisk walks outdoors. In other interviews, including one with MSNBC's All In With Chris Hayes he mentioned gyms as one of the handful of places with "a higher risk of transmissibility." 5 Dr. Fauci Says There's Risk at Church, Temple, or in Other Religious Shrines Dr. Fauci warns that any large gathering of people—especially indoors—has incredibly potential to spread the virus. "Crowds in church are important and every time I get a chance to say it, I mention it," Fauci told Science magazine. "When you say less than 10, it makes common sense that it involves the church."RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says You Don't Have to Do This Anymore to Avoid COVID 6 Dr. Fauci Says to Watch Movies at Home Some theaters have reopened, but Dr. Fauci doesn't endorse movie-going quite yet. In fact, until there is a vaccine, sitting in a theater isn't a great idea. "I think it's going to be a combination of a vaccine that has been around for almost a year and good public-health measures. I would think by the time we get to the end of 2021 — maybe even the middle of 2021," Fauci said during an Instagram interview with Jennifer Garner when she asked him when it would be safe to return to the movies.Once we do get a "knock-out vaccine that's 85 [to] 90% effective," and "just about everybody gets vaccinated," there will be "a degree of immunity" that we can once again "walk into a theater without masks and feel like it's comfortable" that they aren't at risk of infection. 7 Dr. Fauci is Avoiding Plays or Musicals While most theater venues—including Broadway—are closed for the foreseeable future, if you do have an opportunity to catch a live show, don't take it. "Depending on the level of infection in a state/city/community, I can see opening of theaters with attention to varying degrees of masking, reduced capacity, and attention to other public health issues," Fauci wrote to Evan Roider, musical director for the national tour of Wicked. "As vaccines control the virus more and more, we can foresee a significant lessening of restrictive public health measures so that we gradually approach true 'normal' as we get through 2021." 8 Dr. Fauci Says Delay That Cruise (if You Can Even Find One to Take) Early in the pandemic, COVID-19 spread rapidly through cruise ships. While some travel is essential, Dr. Fauci recommends staying off a sea vessel packed with people. "If you're a person with an underlying condition and you are particularly an elderly person with an underlying condition, you need to think twice about getting on a plane, on a long trip," Fauci said during an interview with Meet the Press. "And not only think twice. Just don't get on a cruise ship." As for yourself, listen to this guy, wear a face mask, practice social distancing, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
It's not just you: Times are tough. The daily developments surrounding the coronavirus epidemic have us all feeling apprehensive, anxious and stressed at times, and this week's election was a nail-biter, no matter which side you are on. The good news: There are simple things you can do to feel better fast. First, turn off the TV news. Next, read this list of experts' advice on how to get through a difficult day. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Take a Breath An incredibly effective anti-anxiety tool is your own breath. Practice deep breathing: Breathe in for a count of four, then out for a count of four. You'll find yourself relaxing almost immediately. 2 Take a Break Distract yourself from a stressful day by taking a ten-minute break to do something relaxing, like stretching, meditating or going for a walk. 3 Keep Things in Perspective Remember that this tough day is only one of many—and there will be easier ones to come. 4 Realize You're Not the Only Person Who Feels This Way When you're stressed or anxious, you may feel totally alone. Remember that you're not.RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says You Don't Have to Do This Anymore to Avoid COVID 5 Keep to Your Routine "Maintain as normal a routine as you possibly can," says Steven Rosenberg, Ph.D., a psychotherapist and behavioral specialist in Philadelphia. "It's easier to cope with whatever is going on. But you have to be realistic. When you're under stress, it can make things harder to do. Be patient with yourself, allow plenty of time to get things done, but a schedule is important." 6 Escape "Escape a little bit, if you can, through nice music or meditation," says Rosenberg. "Learning how to clear your mind can really help you get through a stressful period of time, whether it's this pandemic or a difficult time in your life." 7 Realize That This Too Will Pass "Everybody is stressed out, life is changing, but this will pass at some point in the future, and life will get back to normal," says Rosenberg. 8 Connect With Others Take some time to socialize with friends and family. Isolation only worsens stress and anxiety.RELATED: This is the #1 Way You'll Get COVID, According to Doctors 9 Get Some Exercise Exercise lowers stress hormones in the body and helps release endorphins, chemicals that naturally improve your mood. Even a quick walk around the block can help. 10 Try Mindfulness "At times, tough days can blast your mind to the past or catapult you into the future—pick your poison," says Jacob Kountz, a marriage and family therapist in Bakersfield, California. "Mindfulness is a technique that attempts to put the brakes on that process to slow things down. This can be achieved by taking a few minutes of your day to notice what's going on in the present so you don't have to time travel anymore."Start in a quiet place. "Begin to focus on what's going on within your body: your heartbeat, how warm you might be, and even the feeling of your fingers rubbing together," says Kountz. "Also, you'll notice thoughts roaming in your mind at the same time. Notice the thoughts and allow them to come in and out of your mind without judgment." 11 Try Relaxation Apps "I highly recommend the Calm app for daily meditation, excellent talks on self-development and sleep stories to help manage symptoms and get through difficult moments," says Haley Neidich, LCSW, a Florida-based therapist. 12 Put Your Thoughts on Trial "Tough days can get heavier if our thoughts are tilted toward negative emotions," says Kountz. "Sometimes these negative emotions develop from thoughts that are considered unhelpful or irrational. A good rule of thumb when dealing with pesky automatic negative thoughts is putting them on trial."He explains: "Grab a piece of paper and make two columns. Begin writing out each negative thought in the left column. Let's say the first thought is, 'I'll never get to see my friends again because of this coronavirus." Now, move to the second column and challenge the thought by placing it on trial. Ask yourself, 'Is it really true that I'll never see them again? Or will we just be separate for the time being?' With enough practice, challenging certain thoughts may help you get through tougher days." 13 Try Positive Self-Talk "You want to stay as positive as you possibly can in times of stress," says Rosenberg. "Look at positive self-talk daily. An affirmation that I do every single day is, 'I am thankful, grateful and appreciative for all that I am.' And that's everything that makes me up—my friends, my family, my loved ones, my pets, everything that is part of me." 14 Tune Out the Negative If you're anxious about something that's going on in the news, switch off TV news channels and don't spend the day on news sites. Stay informed by checking in briefly a few times a day.RELATED: What Taking Ibuprofen Every Day Does to Your Body 15 Stay in the Moment "When you're in the moment, you're not dwelling on any negativity of the past, and you aren't anticipating any negativity of the future," says Rosenberg. "You are in the moment, and in the moment, you have control over what you are doing now." 16 Eat Well "Take some time, even if minimally, to enjoy a hearty breakfast, lunch, and/or dinner," says Matt Glowiak, Ph.D., LCPC, a therapist and professor in New York City. "Homemade meals are generally not only healthier but also elevate happy neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin." 17 Laugh Put on a favorite comedy show or watch YouTube videos. Laughter decreases stress and increases endorphins, those feel-good hormones that activate the body's opioid receptors, which decrease discomfort. 18 Try Visualization Techniques These can help with relaxation and to put you in a positive mindset. For example: Close your eyes, take three to five deep breaths, and imagine your body filling with white light. 19 Create a Playlist Music can help ease you out of stressful moments. Turn to your favorite playlist on Spotify or channel on Pandora. 20 Do Extra Self-Care "Our lives are overstressed anyway, so in a time of crisis, we need to double down," says life coach Andrea Travillian. "For me, this looks like activities sprinkled throughout the day. So I will take a meditation break, a short walk, or a bath. Anytime I am feeling fear, I step away." 21 Take a News Fast "If you feel a chunk of your stress is coming from what you're consuming on news and social media sites, take 24 to 48 hours—or even a few days—for a news and social media fast," says life coach Stacy Caprio. "You can take this time to take extra care of yourself physically and mentally, and to recharge from the news barrage you were likely in before." 22 Realize You'll Grow "Say to yourself, 'This is a moment in time, and what can I learn from this?'" says Lynn Berger, a licensed mental health counselor and career coach in New York City. 23 Externalize Your Thoughts "Sometimes, tough days are filled with thoughts that don't help out and only hinder us," says Kountz. "Unhelpful thoughts can look something like, 'I'm not strong enough to handle this.' Take the thought and now add some space to it. This can look like replacing the original thought of 'I'm not strong enough to handle this,' with 'I'm having the thought of not being strong enough to handle this.' This adds some space between you and the belief and make it less personal." 24 Get Good Sleep "Another great way to get through those extra tough days is to try and improve your overall sleep schedule," says physician Anna Cabeca, DO. "Do so by making a point to get at least seven hours of sleep a night." 25 Accept What's Possible During periods of crisis—like the coronavirus pandemic—things can seem out of our control. But that doesn't mean we're powerless. "Here's what I've noticed when it comes to what seems to still be in our control: how much news you watch, your perspective and attitude toward the present, how you'll practice what the CDC suggests, the way you can cope with tough days, practicing things at home that are meaningful and the list can go on—if you allow it," says Kountz. "Days can become easier once we're able to place our focus on what we can control rather than what we cannot. "And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
As talk of "lockdowns" due to the coronavirus have become a political grenade, one state has just taken the extraordinary measure of advising citizens to stay home at night, along with a list of other restrictions meant to save lives. "Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker has issued an overnight stay-at-home order, among other new mandates, in response to a recent rise of COVID-19 cases in the state," reports ABC News. "The new orders come just one day after Massachusetts recorded its ninth consecutive day of more than 1,000 new cases. In the last month, new cases have surged by more than 135%." It's one of 40 states with rising cases. Read on to hear what's needed to save lives, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.What Do the Massachusetts Restrictions Entail?Here is the Executive Order in full:Beginning on Friday, November 6, 2020, all residents of Massachusetts are advised to stay home between the hours of 10pm and 5am.COVID-19 case numbers in our state are rising and the Commonwealth's COVID-19 related hospitalizations and COVID-19 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) census have more than doubled over the past 2 months. Social gatherings are contributing to these increases. Left unchecked, the current COVID-19 case growth poses a risk to our healthcare system. Intervention is warranted to moderate case growth and preserve hospital capacity. It's more important than ever to follow guidance from local, state, and federal officials on how to stop the spread of the virus.It is critically important that everybody follows the steps listed below, not just for their own health and safety, but for the health and safety of their family and loved ones as well.In order to comply with this advisory, between the hours of 10pm and 5am, you must:Only leave home to go to work or school, or for essential needs such as seeking emergency medical care, going to the grocery store or pharmacy, picking up take-out food, or receiving deliveries. If you do leave home, practice social distancing by staying 6 feet away from others and wearing a face covering.Not have gatherings in your home with anybody outside of your household.Comply with all Governor's Orders, including orders requiring face coverings, limiting gatherings, and mandating early closure of businesses.Practice social distancing and avoid touching surfaces frequently touched by others if you go outside to get fresh air.Use remote modes of communication like phone or video chat instead of visiting friends or family.Taking these steps is critical to preventing the spread of the virus, protecting the lives of you and your loved ones, and preserving our acute care hospital and other health care systems' capacity.RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says You Don't Have to Do This Anymore to Avoid COVIDWhy are the Restrictions Necessary?Coronavirus cases are rising, and public health experts feel the measures above will best help contain it. Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious disease doctor, has said the entire country doesn't need to lock down—but nor should nothing be done. "It's the kind of thing that you've really got to try and articulate the importance of walking that fine line of maintaining the public health without so damaging the economy that you're essentially negating the good that you're trying to do," he said last week. "I firmly believe that you can continue to open businesses, that you can continue to open up the country from an economic standpoint, the way you were saying about restaurants and about stores and shops and things like that without necessarily shutting things down, you could do that, but it could do it prudently by public health measures that prevent surgeons of infection. We've seen it done before. We've seen, you know, countries and sections of our own country that have done that successfully. We're going to really be challenged right now."The executive order came the same day Dr. Deborah Birx, a member of the coronavirus task force, begged the Trump administration to take "much more aggressive action" to combat COVID-19, according to the Washington Post. "We are entering the most concerning and most deadly phase of this pandemic … leading to increasing mortality," said a Nov. 2 report from Deborah Birx, coordinator of the White House coronavirus task force, obtained by the Post. "This is not about lockdowns — It hasn't been about lockdowns since March or April. It's about an aggressive balanced approach that is not being implemented."As for yourself, no matter where you live, wear a face mask, practice social distancing, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Coronavirus cases shattered a new record on Thursday, increasing at a rate of one per second, and Dr. Anthony Fauci is alarmed. The Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases spoke at the West Virginia Clinical and Translational Science Institute's In Focus virtual event on Thursday, and identified exactly where you might catch COVID-19. Knowing where it lurks can help you save your life, and someone else's. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.How Did Dr. Fauci Say You're Most Likely to Contract COVID-19?Dr. Fauci identified where COVID spreads—use it as your map of where not to go. "Transmissions are seen in household contacts, in congregate, or even in healthcare settings where there is not available PPE or the PPE is not properly used," Fauci said. PPE is, of course, personal protective equipment, like a face mask or goggles. "We also see outbreaks in closed settings, crew ships, nursing homes, and prisons. And factors that may increase the risk of airborne transmission are crowded and close spaces, particularly in those where there is poor ventilation indoors. This becomes particularly problematic as we enter the cooler seasons of the fall and the coldest seasons of winter. It's important to point out that you do not need to sneeze or cough to transmit. It is transmitted by singing, speaking loudly, or even by breathing heavily."The Shift Indoors This Winter Will Mean More SpreadHe's not the only one worried. "I'm a little concerned we're going to see that shift to the northern latitudes as the weather gets cold," Linsey Marr of Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, who studies how viruses move through the air, told the New York Times, and the paper went on: "In poorly ventilated indoor settings, like most restaurants and bars, the virus can remain suspended in the air for long periods and travel distances beyond six feet, Dr. Marr and other researchers said. Southern states, for example, saw a spike in infections when the temperatures soared this summer, prompting people to remain inside with the air-conditioners humming."That A to B, cause and effect is already happening, with states seeing rises in cases and hospitalizations. Fall is here and winter is coming. "I would get as much outdoors as you possibly can," Fauci has said before. "If you look at the super spreader events that have occurred, I think it's incorrect to call people super spreaders. The event is super spread. They're almost always inside super spreader events—in nursing homes, meat-packing, prisons, choirs in churches, congregations of weddings and other social events where people get together. It's almost invariable. Nothing's 100%, but it's almost invariable that it's indoors. So when you are indoors, make sure you have a mask when you're outdoors, keep the mask on."RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says You Don't Have to Do This Anymore to Avoid COVIDThe Virus Can Spread When You Open Your Mouth and Expel DropletsAs for the virus being transmitted through speaking or song, this has been known for some time; the virus spreads through aerosols, tiny droplets. The CDC underscored this point in May, when it did a study of a choir practice. "Following a 2.5-hour choir practice attended by 61 persons, including a symptomatic index patient, 32 confirmed and 20 probable secondary COVID-19 cases occurred (attack rate = 53.3% to 86.7%); three patients were hospitalized, and two died. Transmission was likely facilitated by close proximity (within 6 feet) during practice and augmented by the act of singing," said the report. "The potential for superspreader events underscores the importance of physical distancing, including avoiding gathering in large groups, to control spread of COVID-19. Enhancing community awareness can encourage symptomatic persons and contacts of ill persons to isolate or self-quarantine to prevent ongoing transmission."RELATED: This is the #1 Way You'll Get COVID, According to DoctorsHow to Avoid COVID-19Follow the fundamentals to avoid COVID-19. "Please wear your mask when you go outside, keep that six foot distance, avoid those indoor gatherings, wash your hands," National Institute of Health Director Dr. Francis Collins advises. "All of those simple things are going to be necessary for months to come. And we should just roll up our collective sleeves of energy here and make sure that happens." And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
With medical marijuana legal in states like California, Colorado, Illinois and a growing list, adoption of the drug is becoming more and more commonplace—as is consumption. We consulted doctors and medical resources to discover what happens if you smoke marijuana every day. (Note: do not use marijuana without consulting a medical professional first.) 1 First, The Positive Effects Marijuana has been shown to be an effective treatment for a variety of health issues. Read on to discover how it can be used best. 2 It Can Relieve Your Pain Marijuana is often used as a source of pain relief, as you can get a medical card for it to treat issues like cancer or inflammation. "German researchers found that marijuana-based remedies increased the number of people who reported a 50% or more reduction in pain relief," says WebMD. "In a small study of 47 patients with Parkinson's disease, Israeli researchers found a 27% improvement in pain with marijuana use." 3 It Can Lead to Less Anxiety "I found Marijuana at the age of 19," says Peter Pryor, M.D. "It has always been a bit of a godsend for me because it helps me daily with anxiety and many other benefits." (Read on to discover how marijuana can also increase anxiety for some.) 4 It Can Regulate Blood Sugar Insulin is which regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. Insulin resistance is linked to a greater risk of diabetes. However, according to Mary Clifton, M.D, marijuana offers "less insulin resistance." 5 It Can Lower Your Cholesterol Millions of Americans live with high cholesterol, which can increase the risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke. However, according to Dr. Clifton, "people who use cannabinoid formulations regularly are found to have lower overall cholesterol." 6 It Can Lower Your BMI (If You Don't Snack) Despite the common feeling of having "the munchies" after using marijuana, cannabis users tend to weigh less and are less likely to be obese. They have a "lower BMI," says Dr. Clifton. According to the CDC, BMI (aka body mass index) "is a screening tool used to identify individuals who are underweight, overweight, or obese."RELATED: What Taking Ibuprofen Every Day Does to Your Body 7 Now, The Negative Effects "Your mileage may vary," as the expression goes, but using marijuana every day may have negative effects, also. Here are a few noted by the doctors. 8 You Can Develop Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) "This means that these users develop such an ironclad tolerance to marijuana that they have to consume increasing amounts to feel the same euphoric sensations," says Dr. Sal Raichbach. "This leads to decreased reactivity to dopamine, which suggests a possible correlation to the dampening of the reward system of the brain and an increase in negative emotion and addiction severity." 9 It Could Increase Your Cardiovascular Risk "Marijuana has been shown to cause a fast heartbeat and elevated blood pressure, which can be dangerous for people with heart disease," says Dr. Sanul Corrielus. "It may also aggravate other pre-existing heart conditions in long-term users and those who are older—placing them at greater risk of a cardiovascular event," says Dr. Norris. 10 It Can Tamper Your Coordination and Response Issues "Coordination and response time are adversely affected and short term memory is often impaired," says Dr. Jason Levine. "Coordination issues in conjunction with an altered experience of time are likely to blame for impaired driving and an increase in car accidents." 11 It Can Lead to Respiratory Issues "While smoking cannabis daily has less of an impact than smoking cigarettes," says Dr. Carey Clark, "some people who smoke cannabis can end up with issues like chronic cough and excess mucus or phlegm production." "The most deadly aspect is that it increases your risk of lung cancer 7% per year," says Osita Onugha, MD. "However," says Dr. Lili Barsky, "these symptoms can improve with cessation."RELATED: This is the #1 Way You'll Get COVID, According to Doctors 12 It Can Cause Memory Issues "Long-term marijuana use can decrease an individual's performance on memory-related tasks and cause a decrease in motivation and interest in everyday activities," says Dr. Chris Norris. "The effect of cannabis temporarily prevents the brain from developing new memories and learning new things, which is a form of short-term memory." 13 It Can Effect Your Developing Brain "The brain continues to develop through adolescence and into adulthood, and those areas of the brain that control executive functioning, processing, judgment, and decision making are the last to develop," says Dr. Randall Dwenger. "Marijuana use can impair this brain development and have a long-lasting impact on the individual's future." 14 It Can Increase Your Anxiety "A 2017 national survey of more than 9,000 Americans found that 81 percent believed marijuana had one or more health benefits. Nearly half of these respondents listed "anxiety, stress, and depression relief" as one of these potential benefits," reports Healthline. "But there also seems to be just as many people who say marijuana makes their anxiety worse." As for yourself: To get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Over the last several months since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, guidance on how to prevent the highly infectious virus has continued to change as research has evolved. However, there is still some confusion as to what the most important prevention measures are in keeping the deadly virus at bay. In a new interview with Yahoo Finance's All Markets Summit on Monday morning, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's leading infectious disease expert and key member of the White House Coronavirus Task Force, revealed where you should be focusing your energy. Read on for more, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.What Did Dr. Fauci Say You Can Stop Doing?"We know that this virus overwhelmingly predominantly is transmitted by the respiratory route by either droplets that are large enough, essentially to travel, to get to someone's nose, eyes, mouth, or aerosol a little bit. We don't know exactly what the extent of the aerosol is. We know it does play a role exactly how much is still being worked out," Fauci began. While person-to-person is the primary way the virus spreads, he doesn't negate the potential to get infected via touch. "We also know that the virus can live on inanimate objects," he continued, explaining that according to the transmissibility and the epidemiology, "that is very likely a very, very minor, minor aspect" of transmissibility. "We can't say it's zero. It certainly is real and is finite, but it's minor." Therefore, when it comes to preventative measures, he doesn't emphasize wiping down items. "I think we should spend less time worrying about wiping down a grocery bag than we should about just washing our hands frequently," he said. RELATED: This is the #1 Way You'll Get COVID, According to DoctorsDr. Fauci Has His Own Ritual With Plastic BagsWhen it comes to his own life, he reveals his own ritual. "So you asked me what I do when I come from the grocery store or when someone gives me a take-out bag, which I do a lot now, because I don't go into restaurants and sit down. I want to keep them going financially. So I do a lot of takeout. So I do have a bag that I bring into my house," he said. "Instead of worrying about the bag, I'll open the bag and then I'll just wash my hands thoroughly, which is what you should do."In general, he suggests not worrying as much about touching things, but focusing on hand hygiene instead. "I think doing that natural public health measure and not worrying about touching things that might or might not have anything to do with transmissibility, just focus on washing your hands," he advises. So wash your hands, wear your face mask, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
As your city reopens, you're washing your hands frequently and using hand sanitizer after touching every ATM button—but you may be making one major mistake. The Wall Street Journal studied the common consensus among scientists and reports: "It's not common to contract COVID-19 from a contaminated surface, scientists say. And fleeting encounters with people outdoors are unlikely to spread the coronavirus. Instead, the major culprit is close-up, person-to-person interactions for extended periods."Making things worse: "Crowded events, poorly ventilated areas and places where people are talking loudly—or singing, in one famous case—maximize the risk."It Enters Through Your Face, Doctor Confirms"Here's the problem: COVID-19 is spread by close physical contact," says Dr. Deborah Lee, a medical writer with Dr. Fox Online. "This includes holding hands, hugging and kissing, but also standing close to one another. The virus is transmitted in exhaled respiratory droplets and is also present in nasopharyngeal secretions. It also lives in the skin—for example on fingertips and under fingernails. It can enter the body through the eyes, nose or mouth."She says in order to get back to "normal," we must keep the "R number" down. "The risk of transmission of the virus, whether due to the average day-to-day risk or to the close physical contact during a sexual encounter, is governed by the R number," she says. "The R number is the number of people each person infects before they know they have the virus."Keeping the R number down means the exponential spread of the infection within the community is halted and the infection is under control. "So, your risk of encountering the virus is much lower," says Dr. Lee. "We can only help keep the R number down by following the government's advice of staying at home where possible, frequent hand-washing, social distancing and self-isolation."Not to mention, wearing face masks.Even Speaking and Breathing Can Be DangerousThe Journal goes on to report that: "Health agencies have so far identified respiratory-droplet contact as the major mode of COVID-19 transmission. These large fluid droplets can transfer virus from one person to another if they land on the eyes, nose or mouth. But they tend to fall to the ground or on other surfaces pretty quickly," and continue: "One important factor in transmission is that seemingly benign activities like speaking and breathing produce respiratory bits of varying sizes that can disperse along air currents and potentially infect people nearby. Some researchers say the new coronavirus can also be transmitted through aerosols, or minuscule droplets that float in the air longer than large droplets. These aerosols can be directly inhaled."So: stay more than six feet away from others, wear a face mask and follow the CDC guidelines for staying safe. And to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.
You may have read or heard about various reports that taking daily aspirin—yes, that old-time resident of your grandmother's medicine cabinet—may have benefits for modern health conditions. "Aspirin, or acetylsalicylic acid, is a medication that is indicated for many different things," says Kenneth Perry, MD, an emergency medicine physician in Charleston, South Carolina. "From fever control to pain control, even heart attack treatment, there seems to be a new indication every few months." That said, this common everyday drug called aspirin is a strong one, and it can cause some serious side effects in certain people. Read on for more about the features and benefits of aspirin, and what taking aspirin every day does to your body. (And always consult your doctor before beginning a new drug or medication regimen.) 1 Aspirin Can Reduce Inflammation Aspirin works by inhibiting prostaglandins, the enzyme that serves as an on-off switch for pain and inflammation. That's why it has been used for fevers and pain for more than a century. Today, it's still often prescribed to treat or prevent health conditions caused by inflammation in the body. 2 Aspirin Can Cause Stomach Ulcers It bears repeating: Aspirin is a strong drug, and some people can't tolerate it well. "Chronic use of aspirin can damage the lining of the stomach, causing stomach ulcers and pain," says Leann Poston, MD. "The risk increases in people over age 65, those with a history of stomach ulcers, and those who take blood thinners or drink alcohol."If you're sensitive to aspirin, your doctor may recommend taking another NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) instead, such as ibuprofen. 3 Aspirin May Reduce Your Chance of Heart Attack or Stroke "If you have had a heart attack or stroke, your doctor may want you to take a daily low dose of aspirin to help prevent another," says the American Heart Association. "Aspirin is part of a well-established treatment plan for patients with a history of heart attack or stroke." But the AHA notes that you shouldn't take daily aspirin unless your doctor prescribes it—they can help you evaluate the risks and benefits and determine if daily aspirin is right for you. 4 Aspirin Can Increase Your Risk For Bleeding Aspirin is one of the most well-known anticoagulants, meaning it thins the blood. This has advantages (such as reducing the risk of a second heart attack or stroke, which are often caused by blood clotting) and risks. "In case of injury, internal or external platelets aggregate at the site to help clot the blood. When you take daily aspirin, this aggregation is affected and leads to decreased coagulability, says Nikhil Agarwal, MD. "It can increase your risk for bleeding, especially if you are taking certain other supplements or are on certain medications." One possible side effect is gastrointestinal bleeding, says Barry Gorlitsky, MD. 5 Aspirin May Reduce Your Risk of Colon Cancer According to a 2016 meta-analysis published in the journal JAMA Oncology, people who took aspirin for six years or longer had a 19% lower risk of colorectal cancer and a 15% lower risk of gastrointestinal cancer of any type. The researchers estimated that regular aspirin use could prevent nearly 11% of colorectal cancers and 8% of gastrointestinal cancers diagnosed in the U.S. each year. 6 Aspirin Can Cause Tinnitus According to Dr. Guy Citrin, ND, daily aspirin use can cause tinnitus, which is the perception of noise or ringing in the ears. This generally goes away when the drug is discontinued. 7 Aspirin Can Lead To Liver Damage Another possible side effect of daily aspirin use is liver damage, according to Dr. Khawar Siddique of DOCS Spine + Orthopedics. According to the Cleveland Clinic, one sign of liver damage is jaundice, which is a condition in which the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous membranes turn yellow. 8 Aspirin May Cause Children To Develop Reye's Syndrome Reye's syndrome is a rare condition that causes confusion and swelling in the brain. "The exact cause of Reye's syndrome is unknown, but it most commonly affects children and young adults recovering from a viral infection," says the NHS. "In most cases, aspirin has been used to treat their symptoms, so aspirin may trigger Reye's syndrome." That's why doctors recommend not giving aspirin to children or teenagers for fever or pain. 9 Aspirin Can Cause Seizures If someone has epilepsy or is on some seizure prevention medication, taking aspirin may affect that. For example, because aspirin is a blood thinner, it may alter the amount of medication in the bloodstream. It's best to consult your doctor before using aspirin daily.
Still in his first week of having coronavirus, President Donald Trump's doctors described him as being not "out of the woods." The same could be said for thousands of COVID patients who still experience symptoms months after contracting the virus. "A study of 143 people in Rome's biggest hospital, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, followed hospital patients after they were discharged," reports the BBC. "It showed 87% had at least one symptom nearly two months later and more than half still had fatigue." Here is the study's list of symptoms in order from least common to most common—read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 17 Diarrhea "Some people with COVID-19 develop gastrointestinal symptoms either alone or with respiratory symptoms," reports Healthline. "Recently, researchers at Stanford University found that a third of patients they studied with a mild case of COVID-19 had symptoms affecting the digestive system. Another recent study published by researchers in Beijing found that anywhere from 3 to 79 percent of people with COVID-19 develop gastrointestinal symptoms." 16 Muscle Pain "I think all of us who have had the winter cold or flu have had experience with muscle pain, headache, sore throat," David Aronoff, chief of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Vanderbilt University Medical Center told NPR, and the website continued: "Given that we're no longer in the typical cold and flu season, if you're experiencing muscle pains and other flu-like symptoms, 'we know that those can be associated with COVID-19,' he says. 'And it is very reasonable to get people thinking, you know, maybe I should get tested.'" 15 Vertigo "Research published in Annals of Neurology has found that COVID-19 affects the nervous system and can cause a number of neurological symptoms, including dizziness," reports ENT of Georgia. "The authors report that, 'Initially thought to be restricted to the respiratory system, we now understand that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) also involves multiple other organs, including the central and peripheral nervous system. The number of recognized neurologic manifestations of SARS‐CoV‐2 infection is rapidly accumulating.'"RELATED: Signs COVID-19 is in Your Brain 14 Lack of Appetite "When your body is infected by a virus like COVID-19, your appetite can become reduced," explains Dr. Daniel Atkinson, GP Clinical Lead at Treated.com. "If this is accompanied by a loss of taste and smell it can make wanting to eat or drink really difficult," he explains. "It's really important to drink plenty of fluids to help your body combat the virus and minimize the symptoms and even if you don't feel like it, try to eat something, even if it's just a snack or a small meal." 13 Sore Throat "A study in China reported that only 14 percent of 55,000 patients with confirmed cases of COVID-19 experienced a sore throat," reports MedStar. "Everyone's body reacts differently to the virus, so while it's possible to have a sore throat as a symptom of COVID-19, it's more likely that you'll have other symptoms." 12 Sputum Production "Sputum is not saliva but the thick mucus—sometimes called phlegm—which is coughed up from the lungs," reports Medical News Today. "The body produces mucus to keep the thin, delicate tissues of the respiratory tract moist so that small particles of foreign matter that may pose a threat can be trapped and forced out. Sometimes, such as when there is an infection in the lungs, an excess of mucus is produced. The body attempts to get rid of this excess by coughing it up as sputum." 11 Headache Pulsating headaches are unfortunately not uncommon. "A recent case report describes a female patient with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who, at the time of publication, has had a headache for 85 straight days, starting shortly after she first became sick," reports the AJMC. "Numerous reports have described how some patients who have had COVID-19 suffer for months with a variety of ailments."RELATED: 11 Symptoms of COVID You Never Want to Get 10 Loss of Taste "It's been a long day, your stomach's rumbling and you've just tucked into your favourite Jamaican dish: you wait for that kick, but nothing, no taste whatsoever. That was the reality for 23-year-old Horcel Kamaha in March when he contracted coronavirus – and his loss of taste would last for three long months," reports the BBC. "Everything that had really strong flavours, I couldn't taste," he says. "I was mostly eating Jamaican food and I couldn't taste it at all, everything tasted like paper or cardboard." 9 Red Eyes "According to a press release issued by the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis, develops in only 1% to 3% of COVID-19 cases. But several things, including allergies, can cause pink eye," reports All About Vision. "If a virus like the one that can lead to COVID-19 causes pink eye, the condition usually starts in one eye and might move to the other eye within a few days, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says. Also, discharge from the eye normally is watery, not thick." 8 Runny Nose A runny nose could be COVID but is more likely to be a cold or allergies. Nonetheless, if you experience one, take precautions. 7 Sicca Syndrome Sicca Syndrome is "an autoimmune disease, also known as Sjogren syndrome, that classically combines dry eyes, dry mouth, and another disease of connective tissue such as rheumatoid arthritis (most common), lupus, scleroderma or polymyositis," reports MedicineNet. It's an inflammatory issue, like so many of the COVID side effects.RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says You're Most Likely to Catch COVID Here 6 Loss of Smell This can be one of the earliest symptoms of COVID—and can sometimes last for months. "Our findings indicate that the novel coronavirus changes the sense of smell in patients not by directly infecting neurons but by affecting the function of supporting cells," says the author of one study Sandeep Robert Datta, associate professor of neurobiology in the Blavatnik Institute at HMS. 5 Cough "Early studies have found that at least 60% of people with COVID-19 have a dry cough. About a third have a cough with mucus, called a 'wet' or 'productive' cough," says WebMD. 4 Chest Pain Chest pain can be an alarming symptom because it could mean any number of things: heart damage, lung damage, costochondritis (an inflammation in the cartilage of the ribs)—all have been reported by long haulers, and all should be taken seriously. RELATED: 11 Signs COVID is in Your Heart 3 Joint Pain "If you're experiencing joint pain, it may be caused by inflammation in your body. Inflammation attacks joint tissues, causing fluid in your joints, swelling, muscle damage, and more," reports Penn Medicine. "There are a few ways to manage inflammation in your joints from home. Just remember the useful acronym, R.I.C.E.: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. For example, if your knee joint is in pain, you can wrap your knee to reduce swelling (compression), use an ice pack over the wrap to numb the pain (ice), while elevating your leg on the couch (elevation and rest)." 2 Shortness of Breath "For some who recover from COVID-19, symptoms like fatigue, shortness of breath, muscle pain, confusion, headaches and even hallucinations are among the growing number of issues survivors face following the illness," reports Hackensack Meridian Health. "Individuals recovering from COVID-19 may struggle with a number of respiratory, cardiac and kidney problems," warns Laurie Jacobs, M.D., chair of the Department of Internal Medicine at Hackensack University Medical Center. "They also have an increased risk of blood clots, which can potentially lead to a stroke or heart attack." 1 Fatigue "Over the past nine months, an increasing number of people have reported crippling exhaustion and malaise after having the virus," reports Nature. "They struggle to get out of bed, or to work for more than a few minutes or hours at a time. One study of 143 people with COVID-19 discharged from a hospital in Rome found that 53% had reported fatigue and 43% had shortness of breath an average of 2 months after their symptoms started." If you've experience any of the symptoms mentioned, call a medical professional, and try not to get COVID in the first place: to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
By now, most people are well-aware of the most common signs and symptoms of a COVID-19 infection, which include a fever, shortness of breath, loss of sense of taste and smell, dry cough, and fatigue. However, there is an additional skin condition that could also predict that an individual is suffering from coronavirus, and experts are hoping to make it official. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. Body Rash or Rash on Fingers or Toes a 'Key Sign'According to the British Association of Dermatologists, an overwhelming number of people who are COVID positive are reporting skin manifestations of the virus, ranging from a body rash to an unusual rash on their fingers or toes. Per the Covid Symptom Study, nine percent of people who were swab-tested for the virus and reported their symptoms on the app, reported one of these types of rashes. The King's College London researchers behind the app maintain that the symptom, which can appear before, during, or after an infection, was a slightly better predictor of a positive swab test than a fever or cough. For 21 percent, rashes were the only sign of infection. They were also twice as common in children as in adults. RELATED: 11 COVID Symptoms No One Talks About But ShouldSpotting the Rash Can Save Lives—Including YoursDue to the evidence, and the fact that the WHO has included "a rash on skin, or discolouration of fingers or toes" on its list of symptoms for months, the group of UK dermatologists maintain that "rashes are a key symptom of Covid," and should be added to the NHS official list of symptoms. Currently the list only includes "a high temperature," "a new, continuous cough," and "a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste." "We have asked the government to add a new skin rash to the official NHS list of signs and symptoms of Covid-19, as it will reduce infections and save lives," Tim Spector, professor of genetic epidemiology at King's College, told The Times. The CDC also does not have it on its list of official symptoms."The association between certain rashes and Covid-19 has become increasingly clear, and being able to recognise these is crucial for reducing the spread of the disease," added Dr. Tanya Bleiker, President of the British Association of Dermatologists. And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Ever since the first cases of COVID-19 were identified in December 2019, it has been clear to researchers and health experts that the virus impacts different people to varying degrees. While some who are infected with coronavirus never exhibit symptoms, others experience a total ravaging of their organs and over 1 million people across the world have lost their lives. One of the scariest and most complex coronavirus-related complications was identified in the spring — a multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) — "a rare but severe complication of SARS-CoV-2 infection," only impacting children and adolescents, per the CDC. However, according to a new CDC report, since June a handful of adults have also reported the condition. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.MIS-A Can Be Deadly "Since June 2020, several case reports and series have been published reporting a similar multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A)," the CDC writes in their new weekly report on death and disease, the MMWR, published Friday. Similar to MIS-C, MIS-A is not obviously linked to coronavirus — meaning those who are suffering from it may not display and COVID-19 symptoms. "Cases reported to CDC and published case reports and series identify MIS-A in adults, who usually require intensive care and can have fatal outcomes," they write. The report focuses on 27 adults between the ages of 21 to 50, 10 of which required intensive care, three of whom were intubated, and three who died.RELATED: 11 COVID Symptoms No One Talks About But ShouldSymptoms Are Severe, But Don't Involve the Lungs The report focuses on 27 adults between the ages of 21 to 50 experiencing similar symptoms that included extreme inflammation and malfunction of organs, including "cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, dermatologic, and neurologic symptoms" but without severe respiratory illness."Although hyperinflammation and extrapulmonary organ dysfunction have been described in hospitalized adults with severe Covid-19, these conditions are generally accompanied by respiratory failure," they wrote."In contrast, the patients described here had minimal respiratory symptoms, hypoxemia (low blood oxygen), or radiographic abnormalities in accordance with the working case definition, which was meant to distinguish MIS-A from severe Covid-19; only eight of 16 patients had any documented respiratory symptoms before onset of MIS-A."Per the CDC, symptoms can include a prolonged fever of more than 24 hours, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, heart dysfunction, gastrointestinal symptoms, and rashes. They also point out that despite no obvious respiratory symptoms, X-rays may reveal lung inflammation. Additionally, in two of the younger patients, the first symptom presented was a major stroke.Antibody testing identified SARS-CoV-2 infection in approximately one-third of 27 cases, signifying a past infection. Racial and Minority Groups Were Primarily ImpactedResearchers found out that the condition does discriminate. "All but one of the patients with MIS-A described in this report belonged to racial or ethnic minority groups," the CDC points out in the report. RELATED: Dr. Fauci Sees Signs of a New COVID SurgeThe Good News Is, Many Recover The CDC reminds us that the majority of those identified with MIS-A did make a recovery. However, identifying it and prompt treatment is crucial. "Because of the potential therapies that might benefit these patients as described in these case reports, clinicians should consider MIS-A within a broader differential diagnosis when caring for adult patients with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with the working MIS-A case definition," they write. "Clinicians and health departments should consider MIS-A in adults with compatible signs and symptoms. These patients might not have positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR or antigen test results, and antibody testing might be needed to confirm previous SARS-CoV-2 infection." And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.