A study published in the European Heart Journal by researchers from Leipzig University in Germany assessed the impact that different forms of exercise have on the human body, comparing the effects of endurance, HIIT and resistance training. Endurance training involved going on long runs, HIIT training consisting of doing a warm up followed by running intervals, and the resistance training involved doing a variety of exercises such as crunches, chest presses and leg curls. The researchers analysed the white blood cells of the participants at the beginning of the study, a few days into the study and then at the end of the six-month period.
From sourdough bread to sauerkraut and kimchi, fermented food is one of the hottest health trends right now. Foodies and health-conscious people alike are becoming increasing aware of the role of our gut microbes – collectively known as our microbiome – in improving not only our digestive health but our overall wellbeing, including mental health. "The slow fermentation process involved preparing foods like sauerkraut and kimchi (usually raw cabbage or other vegetables, with salt and spices), and miso, allows time for a diverse population of healthy bacteria and enzymes to be produced," explains Abbas Kanani, pharmacist at Chemist Click.
Warming up before exercise is always important, but even more so when your muscles are at risk of becoming especially tight in low temperatures. Furthermore, you may need to invest in reflective clothing if running during the early or late hours so that drivers on the road are aware of your whereabouts. The Independent spoke to several experts for their top tips on running during winter.
The rise of social media has meant that we as a global population are more connected than we have ever been in the history of time. While social media platforms can have their benefits, using them too frequently can make you feel increasingly unhappy and isolated in the long run. The constant barrage of perfectly filtered photos that appear on Instagram are bound to knock many people’s self-esteem, while obsessively checking your Twitter feed just before bed could be contributing towards poor quality of sleep.
If you've got a closer relationship with the snooze button than your own partner, this could be why.