The Met Office has warned that a heatwave is due to sweep over parts of the UK as the school summer holidays begin this week.With temperatures on the rise, Britons unused to the scorching weather will need to take precautionary measures to ensure they don't suffer from heat exhaustion or heatstroke.If an individual's body is unable to cool down and they develop heatstroke, then their health could be at serious risk.So, how can you spot the signs of heatstroke and how can you treat it?Here's everything you need to know: What is heatstroke?Heatstroke, otherwise known as sunstroke, occurs when a person's body temperature has become overheated to a harmful degree, St John Ambulance explains.An individual may develop heatstroke if they've been suffering from heat exhaustion.When a person spends too much time in the sun or in hot temperatures, they may become too dehydrated.At this point, they may stop sweating, which means their body will no longer be able to cool itself down. This can result in them developing heatstroke.If an individual experiencing heat exhaustion is able to cool down within 30 minutes, then their health shouldn't be at serious risk, the NHS states.However, if they develop heatstroke, then an ambulance should be called on 999 or 112. What are the symptoms?Symptoms of heat exhaustion include experiencing a headache, dizziness, loss of appetite, nausea, excessive sweating, cramping, an increased heart rate, a temperature of 38C or above and feeling very thirsty, the NHS outlines.Adults and children who experience heat exhaustion tend to exhibit similar symptoms. However, children may also appear sleepy.If a person displaying these signs hasn't improved within 30 minutes, then their condition may have developed into heatstroke.Symptoms of heatstroke include lack of sweat even if they feel very hot, a temperature of 40C or above, shortness of breathe, confusion, experiencing a seizure, losing consciousness and becoming unresponsive. How can you help someone experiencing heatstroke?If you spot that someone may be suffering from heat exhaustion, then they should be moved to a cool environment, the NHS advises.You should do all that you can to help them cool down, including ensuring that they drink lots of water, cooling their skin with a spray or sponge and having them lie down with their feet slightly raised.If they haven't improved in 30 minutes and you believe they may have developed heatstroke, then an ambulance should be called on 999 or 112.While waiting for the ambulance to arrive, St John Ambulance recommends trying to cool them down by either wrapping them in a cold wet sheet or sponging them down.If their temperature appears to go back to normal, then replace the wet sheet with a dry one.As you wait for the arrival of a paramedic, keep checking their breathing, pulse and level of response, St John Ambulance says.If at any point they become unresponsive, then you must check their breathing and ensure their airway is open.For more information on how to look after a person who has become unresponsive, click here. How can heatstroke be prevented?There are certain measures you can take to prevent heat exhaustion and heatstroke in hot temperatures, the NHS states.These include drinking lots of cold drinks, bathing in cool water, wearing loose clothing, avoiding the sun during peak sun hours and not drinking too much alcohol.The NHS advises keeping a close eye on those who may be more susceptible to heat exhaustion and heatstroke, including children, older individuals and those who have long-term health conditions.For all the latest news on the UK weather, click here.
While for some summer might mean spending days on end lapping up the glorious sunshine without a care in the world, for others it’s inescapably linked with months of sore, sunburnt skin.Taking care of your skin after excessive sun exposure is incredibly important, as failing to do so could lead to long-lasting damage.However, if your first course of action after sustaining a sunburn is to immediately buy and apply after-sun, then you may not be doing an adequate job.According to the experts, applying after-sun could do your skin even further harm if you don’t take a thorough look at the ingredients.That’s why it may be a wise idea to opt for an aloe vera gel instead.“After-sun formulas tend to have rich, thick consistencies containing oils, which create an emollient barrier on top of the skin trapping in the heat in the upper layer of the epidermis and exacerbating the inflammation and ‘burn’ feeling on your face,” Michaella Bolder, Time Bomb skincare expert tells to The Independent.“Plus, many over the counter after-suns will contain chemicals and/or fragrance. This will just irritate the damaged skin!”Aloe vera has been highly regarded for a very long time due to its remedial properties, Lorraine Shrivener, director of Eden Skin Clinics, explains.“Aloe vera has been a trusted skin saviour for many years,” she says. “With its immediate cooling effect to the skin, it’s a firm favourite for post-suncare.”According to Ms Shrivener, aloe vera is most potent when attained as a pure, clear gel.While gels allow heat to escape from the skin, thicker creams that have been designed to lock in moisture could trap heat within the skin, making it feel cooler rather than hotter.However, as medical director of CosmedicsUK and GP Dr Ross Perry points out, the medicinal properties of aloe vera have not technically been affirmed by scientific research. “Aloe vera is a traditional herbal remedy believed to reduce sunburn symptoms,” he explains.“There is no scientific evidence in support of its use for sunburn, but anecdotal evidence is that it is soothing and safe and can feel cooling.”Aloe vera is a plant species that can trace its origins to the Arabian Peninsula.Mentions of aloe vera as a curative ingredient can be found in the Ebers Papyrus, from 16th Century BC, and in Pliny the Elder’s Natural History, which was written in the mid-first century AD.Despite the supposed lack of scientific evidence to back its use as a treatment for sunburn, many health professionals still recommend it for soothing irritated skin.“Aloe vera is thought to have a myriad of positive effects on skin, especially sunburnt skin,” says Dr Natalie Spierings, consultant dermatologist at Dermatica.“True clinical effectiveness has yet to be established. But aloe vera is not harmful and it might aid in helping calm down sunburnt skin, so it is worth giving it a try.”While some skincare experts would advise opting for a clear aloe vera gel instead of a heavier, moisturising after-sun when treating sunburn, others would suggest simply finding an after-sun that contains the plant.“After burning the skin you should think cool and repair,” says Ms Bolder. “The best way to do this is to apply a formula with a high water and high aloe vera content - the more natural and gentle the better!“Aloe vera has quite impressive cooling, healing and antiseptic properties so will beat a generic after-sun every time.”Using an after-sun can still be beneficial if you make sure that the ingredients are gentle and natural as possible.However, if you’re not entirely sure of whether a specific after-sun will do more harm than good, then going for a clear aloe vera gel would likely be your safest option.With around 15,970 new cases of melanoma skin cancer reported in the UK between 2014 and 2016, according to Cancer Research UK, looking after your skin is of the utmost importance during the hotter months.Dr Vikram Rajkomar, a consultant dermatologist at Pall Mall Medical who specialises in the treatment of skin diseases and skin cancer, recommends speaking to a consultant dermatologist as soon as possible if pain caused by sunburn persists.
The majority of British dermatologists believe that sunbeds should be banned in the UK, a new survey has found.Earlier this week, it was revealed that there has been a 70 per cent increase in skin cancer rates for people aged 25 to 49 since the 1990s.Now, skin experts across the country have collectively condemned the use of tanning salons, calling for a UK-wide ban.The survey, of 245 dermatologists, conducted by the British Skin Foundation, found that 77 per cent agreed that sunbeds should be banned altogether in the UK, while 91 per cent stated that tanning salons are contributing significantly to the rates of skin cancer in the UK.Furthermore, 94 per cent of those surveyed agreed that there should be stricter enforcement of age restrictions on sunbeds in the UK, while 91 per cent called for the age at which people are legally allowed to use them to be increased from 18 to 21.Lisa Bickerstaffe, a spokesperson for the British Skin Foundation, said: “The dermatologists’ opinions appear to support research stating the potential to get skin cancer, including melanoma, is increased in those who have also used sunbeds.“We know that there is no such thing as a safe tan from UV rays, therefore, the British Skin Foundation, in line with other health organisations does not recommend sunbed use.”To find out just how dermatologists feel about the use of sunbeds, The Independent has spoken to a number of skincare professionals, including Dr Emma Wedgeworth. “I think from the body of medical evidence out there, there is no doubt that indoor tanning is detrimental to the skin and increases the risks of skin cancer,” Wedgeworth, a consultant dermatologist, tells The Independent. While Wedgeworth agrees that banning indoor tanning seems like “a sensible measure” she fears that doing so could drive the industry underground, potentially making it more dangerous. Instead, she is calling for stricter regulations regarding the advertising of tanning salons.“At the very least, I think there should be much greater legislation around advertising, the appearance of tanning shops and health warnings, in exactly the same way as tobacco is legislated,” Wedgeworth adds.Dr Adam Friedman, consultant dermatologist at the Harley Street Dermatology Clinic, agrees, stating that the majority of young patients (under 30) he sees with melanoma have been sunbed users at some stage of their lives. Speaking to The Independent, Dr Anil Budh-Raja, a leading dermatologist specialising in anti-ageing treatments, says that he “totally agrees” with the survey’s findings and believes that many salons are “unethical and continue to advertise sunbeds as having health ‘benefits’”.Melanoma UK, a patient support and advocacy group, also supports the call for a complete ban on subeds, stating that every day in the UK seven people die of melanoma.> 77% of dermatologists agree that sunbeds should be banned altogether in the UK according to a recent survey undertaken by the British Skin Foundation. https://t.co/WhgPSCGHqy pic.twitter.com/OqqXss77Ch> > — British Skin Foundation - Skin Cancer (@bsfcharitysc) > > July 22, 2019“Despite the threats of legal action from the Sunbed Association, we will continue to petition for a complete ban on sunbeds,” Gill Nuttall, founder of the organisation, tells The Independent.“We see the devastation of melanoma every day, and we also see how much the treatment of advanced melanoma costs our NHS. We have cross party support for a ban and we are very pleased that dermatologists are also supporting a ban”.A recent study conducted by Cancer Research UK, found that melanoma skin cancer incidence rates have risen by 45 per cent since 2004 for the general population in the past decade. Meanwhile, rates of melanoma have increased by 35 per cent for women and 55 per cent for men. > View this post on Instagram> > Do you know how much sunscreen you should use in the sun? As the temperatures rise in the UK, please look after your skin and avoid the burn. The simple rule should be to put enough sunscreen on so that the skin looks completely white before the cream is absorbed into your skin. Please remember to apply at least 20 minutes before going out and then every two hours, or after swimming or towelling. itsnotjustskincancer melanoma awareness> > A post shared by MelanomaUK (@melanoma_uk) on Jul 23, 2019 at 6:00am PDTSo, what steps should you be taking take care of your skin?So, what steps should you be taking take care of your skin?Dr Budh-Raja recommends the regular use of sunscreen, avoiding sun exposure where possible and protecting the skin using items of clothing.The skincare expert also states that sun cream which offers both UVA and UVB protection with high protection of at least SPF 30 should be used.“Remember to apply half an hour before going out in the sun, and half an hour after being in the sun,” Dr Budh-Raja explains.“Reapply liberally at least every two hours, and immediately after contact with water . Spend time in the shade between 11am and 3pm when it is sunny.”If you are worried about a mole or patch of skin the British Skin Foundation suggests you seek help sooner rather than later.It states that anyone who has moles or a patch of skin that is changing shape, growing, developing new colours, inflamed, bleeding, crusting, red around the edges, particularly itchy or behaving unusually in any way should visit their GP or dermatologist as soon as possible.For more information on checking your skin, click here.
The government has announced its aim to end smoking in England by 2030.On Monday evening, the government released a green paper titled "Advancing our health: prevention in the 2020s", outlining its plans to tackle preventable ill health in the near future.One of the concerns highlighted in the paper is the detrimental impact of smoking, a national health issue which has improved in recent years."Thanks to our concerted efforts on smoking, we now have one of the lowest smoking rates in Europe with fewer than one in six adults smoking," the document reads."Yet, for the 14 per cent of adults who still smoke, it's the main risk to health."The government states that it is "setting an ambition to go 'smoke-free' in England by 2030"."This includes an ultimatum for industry to make smoked tobacco obsolete by 2030, with smokers quitting or moving to reduced risk products like e-cigarettes."The document explains that further proposals regarding the government's efforts to make England smoke-free over the next 11 years will be outlined "at a later date".The green paper proposes that hospital patients who smoke receive support to help them give up the habit.The government adds that England became one of the first countries to ban smoking in public places in 2007, in addition to introducing plain packaging for cigarettes three years ago.Two years ago, the government published its tobacco control plan for England.The plan included the aim of reducing the number of adults in the country who smoke from 15.5 per cent to 12 per cent by 2022.The newly-released green paper also references issues including obesity, mental health services and diabetes prevention.The document states that measures will be put into place to "shift the health system away from just treating illness, and towards preventing problems in the first place".Members of the public can respond to the proposals laid out by the government by clicking here.The consultation on the green paper will close at 11.59pm on Monday 14 October.For all the latest health news, click here.
Pinterest has launched a series of new wellbeing activities on the social media platform in order to provide mental health support for its users.The aim of the interactive activities is to help soothe individuals who are feeling anxious, stressed or sad.They have been created in collaboration with Brainstorm, the Stanford Lab for Mental Health Innovation, and Pinterest has also received guidance from mental health organisation Vibrant Emotional Health and the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline.The activities are being made available to all Pinterest users in the US on iPhones and Android smartphones over the next few weeks.When Pinterest users in the US search for mental health-related terms such as "stress quotes" or "work anxiety", a prompt will appear asking whether they would like to explore the platform's wellbeing resources.The resources include activities such as deep breathing exercises and tips on how to practise self-compassion.If a person searches for terms related to self-harm, they will be directed to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline.Pinterest explains that use of the platform's wellbeing resources are kept private and are not tracked, with the activity being logged anonymously by a third-party service.This means that advertisements based on users' searches will not be used when they use the platform on a day-to-day basis.Pinterest explains that the new interactive activities have been introduced after the company noted an increase in searches on the platform related to anxiety and stress."In the last year there have been millions of searches in the US related to emotional health on Pinterest," states Annie Ta, product manager at Pinterest."Over the years we’ve worked with experts to make it easy for people in distress to access supportive resources."Together we wanted to create a more compassionate, actionable experience that tries to address a broader emotional spectrum of what Pinners [Pinterest users] may be looking for."Several Pinterest users praised the company with regards to its newly introduced wellbeing resources."Amazing work! Can't wait to try it," one person wrote on Instagram."Love this idea!" another added.For mental health support, you can contact the Mind helpline by calling 0300 123 3393, texting 86463 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org. The helpline is open Monday to Friday from 9am until 6pm, except on bank holidays.
Poldark screenwriter Debbie Horsfield has said that her postnatal depression helped her write the BBC one period drama and gave her “insight” into mental health issues that its characters face.The fifth series of the hit show returned earlier this month and sees character Doctor Dwight Enys take an interest in mental health following the death of his daughter, Sarah.Horsfield, who adapted the series from Winston Graham’s Poldark novels, told Radio Times magazine that mental health issues can strike anyone, at any time and a taboo about them still exists."After the birth of my first child, it didn't occur to me to talk about the permanent 'fog' I felt I was wading through, let alone consider it a form of post-natal depression,” she said."When I eventually confided in a family member, she actually got up and ran out of the room!"This was something of a blow... until I realised that the person concerned had probably struggled with that same issue herself...The writer said that the experience gave her “insight into the challenges involved in acknowledging and addressing the stigma and fear surrounding the subject”.The NHS states that postnatal depression is a type of depression that many parents experience after having a baby.The condition is expected to affect more than one in every 10 women within a year of giving birth and can affect also affect partners and fathers. Symptoms of postnatal depression can include a persistent feeling of sadness and low mood, problems concentrating and making decisions, and difficulty sleeping.Since Sunday night's episode, several Twitter users have praised the show for exploring mental health issues.“Loving the fact they are dealing with mentalhealth with the insanity side plot,” one user wrote.Another added: “Dr. Dwight looking out for mental health. A man ahead of his time.”> poldark. Loving the fact they are dealing with mentalhealth with the insanity side plot> > — Marlena Kellie (@marlenakellie) > > July 21, 2019> Dr. Dwight looking out for mental health. A man ahead of his time Poldark> > — Becca. (@RebeccaWard22) > > July 21, 2019Earlier this month, actor Luke Norris, who plays Dr Enys in the show, opened up about his character’s interest in mental health in this series following the medical expert’s struggle with post-traumatic stress disorder and bereavement."He goes into the royal college of surgeons as someone who is interested in mental health,” Norris said during the premiere of the fifth series. “And obviously at the time, and even now, it is quite a taboo subject. It is a difficult subject.”Horsfield continued, stating that she hoped the new and final BBC One series will encourage viewers to open up about any mental health issues they have.The full interview is in this week's Radio Times magazine.If you have been affected by any issues mentioned in this article, you can contact the following mental health organisations:mind.org.ukapni.orgpandasfoundation.org.uk
Chelsea Clinton has announced the birth of her third child with husband Marc Mezvinsky.On Monday, Clinton revealed on Twitter that the couple had welcomed their second son that morning."This morning we welcomed our son, Jasper Clinton Mezvinsky," the daughter of Bill and Hillary Clinton wrote."We are overflowing with love and gratitude and can't wait to introduce him to his big sister and brother."Clinton and Mezvinsky already have two children together – Charlotte Clinton Mezvinsky, born in September 2014, and Aidan Clinton Mezvinsky, born in June 2016.> This morning we welcomed our son, Jasper Clinton Mezvinsky. We are overflowing with love and gratitude and can’t wait to introduce him to his big sister and brother.> > — Chelsea Clinton (@ChelseaClinton) > > July 22, 2019The couple were married in New York in 2010 in an interfaith ceremony, Clinton being Methodist and Mezvinsky being Jewish.Several Twitter users have wished the family congratulations on the announcement on of their new arrival."Congratulations! May you only have nachas, health, and love in your lives," one person tweeted.Congratulations to the entire Clinton-Mezvinsky family. You are truly blessed," another added.Bill and Hillary Clinton are yet to comment publicly on the birth of their third grandchild.In January, Chelsea Clinton revealed she was pregnant with her third child.The former first daughter tweeted: "Marc and I have loved watching Charlotte be such a wonderful big sister and we're excited to watch Aidan become a big brother."The 39-year-old added she and her husband "cannot wait to meet our newest addition later this summer".Clinton has written several children's books, including She Persisted: 13 American Women Who Changed the World; Don't Let Them Disappear, a tale about 12 endangered species; and It's Your World: Get Informed, Get Inspired and Get Going!The author is also vice chair of the Clinton Foundation, working alongside the organisation's partners to "help create greater opportunities for people to build better futures for themselves, their families and their communities".Clinton's husband, Mezvinsky, is an investor and former vice chairman at venture capital firm Social Capital.
The family members of contestants on this year’s series of Love Island are being offered counselling, ITV2 has confirmed. The revelation comes after Curtis Pritchard’s father, Adrian, told The Daily Star that he and the rest of his family had been offered therapy by the channel should they feel affected by what they see on the reality TV programme.“Counselling is on offer to us whenever we need it,” he said. “There have been tough moments for us since Curtis went into the villa, but we can just ring for support at any time.“The people at ITV say to us, ‘If there’s anything that’s worrying you, ring us, whatever the problem might be’.”Adrian went on to praise the channel for its ongoing support.“I don’t think the general public are aware, but ITV are always in touch when something significant is going to air on the show that they feel might concern you,” he added.A spokesperson for ITV confirmed that support is “always” there for those who need it.“We have always ensured that the families of Islanders have the contact details of key members of our production team and there is always an open line of communication. We have always offered support to families where appropriate and when requested," they said.Love Island’s duty of care processes have been under scrutiny in recent months following the deaths of former contestants Sophie Gradon and Mike Thalassitis, both of whom took their own lives.Prior to the current season of Love Island, which began on 3 June, ITV2 revealed it had revamped its aftercare package and would be offering contestants a minimum of eight therapy sessions following their appearance on the show. Additionally, Islanders have access to a psychological consultant throughout the series. You can read more about the new duty of care here.Love Island contestant Amy Hart, who left the series last week, recently revealed she sought therapy 12 times while on the programme.Hart, who broke up with Pritchard prior to her departure, told OK! Magazine that she chose to prioritise “her mental health over the reality show”. “I had therapy 12 times in the villa – but I’ve come out stronger,” the 26-year-old added. “I deserve a man who loves me for who I am.”
Vegan and vegetarian diets have become more and more mainstream in recent years, with one recent survey suggesting as many as 3.5m people have cut out animal products for environmental, health and ethical reasons.While there are endless studies that document the myriad of benefits reaped by people who consume diets high in fruit and vegetables a new analysis has revealed there is one major health advantage to eating your greens.According to a study by the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, eating plenty of healthy fruits and vegetables could reduce the risk of developing diabetes by almost a quarter.The study of more than 300,000 people analysed the association between plant-based foods and Type 2 diabetes and found that those whose diets were mainly plant based were 23 percent less prone to the disease.Researchers say the findings could be due to such foods being rich in antioxidants which protect against diabetes, while many also improve sensitivity to insulin – the hormone that controls blood sugar – and reduce weight gain.The study also differentiated between healthy and less healthy plant-based foods.The former included fruits, vegetables, wholegrains, nuts, and legumes and the latter, potatoes, white flour, sugar and modest amounts of animal products.Researchers found the association was strengthened for those who ate diets emphasising healthy plant-based foods and lower consumption of unhealthy ones.Senior author Professor Qi Sun, a nutritionist at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, said: “Overall, these data highlighted the importance of adhering to plant-based diets to achieve or maintain good health."People should choose fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, tofu, and other healthy plant foods as the cornerstone of such diets."Sun added: "Higher adherence to plant-based eating habits was associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, especially when only healthy plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts, were included in the definition of plant-based."The findings published in JAMA Internal Medicine add to evidence that diet is crucial in tackling a condition that now affects around four million people in the UK.It is also estimated that 549,000 people have Type 2 diabetes but are not aware of it.Diabetes UK supports the findings, agreeing that diets high in antioxidant-rich foods, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, can help lower risk of Type 2 diabetes.The charity recommends people opt for foods in "a rainbow of colours to get as wide a range of vitamins and minerals as possible".As well as fresh fruit and vegetables, Diabetes UK also advocates consuming wholegrains, nuts, seeds, legumes and fermented foods like unsweetened yoghurt.According to the NHS, symptoms of Type 2 diabetes can include: * feeling thirsty all the time * feeling very tired * losing weight without trying to * blurred visionThe NHS also states that you are more at risk of developing the disease if you: * are over 40 – or 25 for south Asian people * have a close relative with diabetes – such as a parent, brother or sister * are overweight or obese * are of south Asian, Chinese, African Caribbean or black African origin – even if you were born in the UKYou can find out more about Type 2 diabetes here.
Women who choose to have breast implants should be warned about breast implant illness (BII), plastic surgeons say.According to the the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS), BII is a term used by patients who have breast implants and describes a variety of generalised symptoms that they feel are directly connected to silicone implants.Symptoms can include tiredness, “brain fog”, joint aches, immune-related symptoms and sleep disturbance, the organisation explains.However, BII is currently not recognised as a medical diagnosis and therefore there are no diagnostic criteria nor investigative protocols to treat is as such.That said, medical experts are now calling for more research into the illness and for women to be told about the condition prior to undergoing breast implant surgery. Naveen Cavale, the UK's National Secretary for the International Society of Plastic Surgery, told the BBC’s Victoria Derbyshire programme: "As far as some of my patients are concerned, breast implant illness is a very real thing for them, and I have no reason to doubt them. But, to me, as a doctor, it makes no scientific sense."Breast implant illness isn't something we used to always talk about - but the proper plastic surgery associations such as ourselves, have started advising we do so, which I think is a good thing for patients to make more informed decisions."Nora Nugent, consultant plastic surgeon of BAAPS, added: "Surgeons should be warning patients about breast implant illness. Patients need the most up-to-date information possible, with the caveat that breast implant illness is poorly understood. So it's going to be difficult to give absolute information."The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) states it received 1,586 Adverse Incident Reports for breast implants between 2014 and May 2019.While the regulator states that there is no new evidence of an increased risk to patients, last month it said it was willing to reconsider its position on breast implant illness after medical concerns were highlighted by the Channel 4 documentary series Dispatches.“Patient safety is our highest priority and we always investigate where there are safety concerns raised about a medical device,” a spokesperson said at the time.“It’s entirely reasonable that book should be opened again now, and we and our advisory group are already looking at the evidence around this. We would be eager to learn more from patients about their experiences in this area.”BAAPS agrees with the MHRA's guidance on breast implants, telling patients that “there is no need to remove or exchange any current implants based on the most up-to-date scientific data available”.During the programme, Naomi Macarthur, a 28-year-old fitness instructor, explained that she received breast implants in 2014 but within weeks of the incident she revealed she began to suffer “the most horrific symptoms”."I remember getting severe pain in my stomach," she told the programme. "And the tiredness was like I had run a marathon and dug a million trenches and I hadn't done anything. Writing with a pen was too tiring."Macarthur suffered several symptoms including hair loss, allergies and rashes.Despite being told her condition was unrelated to the implants by medical professionals, Macarthur sought support from women on online groups who had suffered similar symptoms that they believe resulted from their breast implants.Last year, Macarthur had her implants removed and said that she soon found her symptoms to disappear.“I can’t believe how much I’ve bounced back,” she added.BAAPS states that on average, around 50 per cent of women who self-identify as having BII feel that their symptoms improved after implant removal – sometimes temporarily and sometimes permanently.Steph Harris, from Woking, concurred with Macarthur, revealing she has had three different types of implants and has experienced symptoms of breast implant illness.“Dealing with the breast cancer was easier,” Harris told the programme. “That’s going to sound really strange. Chemotherapy was much easier to deal with than the chronic fatigue…I’ve been through both and this is harder.”In 2010, PIP breast implants were withdrawn from the UK after it was found they had been fraudulently manufactured with unapproved silicone gel, and were far more prone to splitting (rupturing) than other breast implants, the NHS explains.It is estimated around 47,000 British women had PIP implants fitted prior to the withdrawal, most of whom are still living with them.In 2016, the NHS set up the Breast and Cosmetic Implant Registry which details all breast implant procedures completed in England and Scotland by both the NHS and private providers.In April, France's National Agency for Medicines and Health Products (ANSM) ruled that the macro-textured and polyurethane breast implants for cosmetic and reconstructive surgery would be banned due to a slight risk of patients developing a rare form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.However, the MHRA said the implants would continue to be sold in the UK.“Based on our analysis of the latest scientific evidence and expert clinical advice our advice remains the same," a spokesperson said."There is no new evidence of an increased risk to patients and there is no need for people with breast implants to have them removed.”Read more about breast implant safety here.The Independent has contacted the MHRA for further comment.
Camilla Cabello has opened up about her struggles with anxiety, revealing she has been “incredibly nervous” and “socially anxious” since she was a child.On Sunday, the singer – who just reached number one in the Official Chart for her single “Senorita” with Shawn Mendes – posted two Instagram posts in which she detailed her mental health issues.Despite her successful singing career, the “Havana” singer revealed she would struggle to sing in front of her parents as a child and “get flustered” when asked to show off her vocal skills.“I sang in my room when my parents left for Walmart and cried when one day I saw them filming me through the crack of the door, I got teary eyed when people sang happy birthday to me because people looking at me actually made me overwhelmed,” she captioned a photograph of herself lying down on a sofa.“I was generally incredibly nervous and socially anxious when I was little; and people always have this look of disbelief when I tell them that,” she added.The NHS states that anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear that can be mild or severe.The condition’s symptoms vary from person to person but can include feeling restless, having trouble concentrating or sleeping, dizziness and heart palpitations.> View this post on Instagram> > I remember growing up hearing stories of the singers I loved, all the stories sounded the same, kids who would grow up performing for their families and putting on talent shows for their parents when they were little who grew up to be dazzling to me. I was the opposite, I never ever sang in front of my parents or friends and would get flustered when they would ask me to, I sang in my room when my parents left for Walmart and cried when one day I saw them filming me through the crack of the door, I got teary eyed when people sang happy birthday to me because people looking at me actually made me overwhelmed. I was generally incredibly nervous and socially anxious when I was little; and people always have this look of disbelief when I tell them that. I did an interview the other day where I got it again, the interviewer said something along the lines of “So... how’d you end up here?” The answer is, I feel like my whole life there’s been two Camila’s in me. There’s little Camila that is terrified of the unknown, is aware of all the ways everything can go wrong, (actually can picture them vividly lol), and thinks it’s safer to stay home than to play ball. Then there’s the other Camila. And she knows what she wants out of life, is aware of how little time I have to let little Camila run the show while time passes by, and grabs young me by the hand and forces her out the door saying “Let’s go. You’ll survive, and I’m not gonna miss out on this. Let’s go.” And that is literally how I can sum up how I’ve gotten to this point in my life. (I’m talking about as a person, not success.) remember feeling discouraged when I felt like some people were just “born” to do things. That they always had it in them. “They were always this outgoing, they always loved to entertain, they were always this bold, they were always this outspoken.” (.....continue)> > A post shared by camila (@camila_cabello) on Jul 21, 2019 at 10:14am PDTOn the subject of her success, Cabello continued, stating that she feels she has lived her life as “two Camilas”.“There’s little Camila that is terrified of the unknown, is aware of all the ways everything can go wrong, (actually can picture them vividly lol), and thinks it’s safer to stay home than to play ball [sic],” she wrote.“Then there’s the other Camila. And she knows what she wants out of life, is aware of how little time I have to let little Camila run the show while time passes by, and grabs young me by the hand and forces her out the door saying “Let’s go. You’ll survive, and I’m not gonna miss out on this. Let’s go.”In a second post, the “Real Friends” singer urged her fans to not let their mental health struggles or insecurities stop them from being their authentic selves.“The truth is you decide who you’re going to be,” she wrote. “Every day. I’m not talking about talent or success. I just mean the type of person you’re going to be. If you haven’t been very brave, or very social, or wild, or an adventure seeker, if you describe yourself as the opposite of those things... it doesn’t mean you can’t be.”> View this post on Instagram> > (part 2..) The truth is you decide who you’re going to be. Every day. I’m not talking about talent or success. I just mean the type of person you’re going to be. If you haven’t been very brave, or very social, or wild, or an adventure seeker, if you describe yourself as the opposite of those things... it doesn’t mean you can’t be. The other you needs to grab little you by the hand, yank you by the hairs and tell you, “Let’s go.” Little me hasn’t left. I just don’t let her boss me around as much. I felt like sharing because I think sometimes we see other people do things and think “Ah, well.. that’s just not me. I’ve never been like that.” It’s NOT TRUE. I’m telling you. I went from never wanting to sing in front of my family to being addicted to performing, from being too anxious to hang out with new people to... still being a little anxious but having THE BEST time and making irreplaceable memories. The essence of me is the same, but i’ve changed so much as a person. You choose who you’re going to be. Force yourself to do what you’re afraid of, always- and go after what you want and who you want to be, because you’re worth that. You’re worth the fight. It’s the most worthwhile one there is. Love you ❤️> > A post shared by camila (@camila_cabello) on Jul 21, 2019 at 10:20am PDT“The essence of me is the same, but I’ve changed so much as a person. You choose who you’re going to be. Force yourself to do what you’re afraid of, always- and go after what you want and who you want to be, because you’re worth that. You’re worth the fight. It’s the most worthwhile one there is.”Several of the singer’s fans have commented on the posts to commend the star for her honesty.“Beautiful words,” wrote singer Zara Larsson.Another wrote: “Camilla words can’t explain how much his means you’re so inspirational I love you and thank you.”“This is so exactly what I needed to hear today,” added another.Last year, Cabello spoke openly about living with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). “OCD is weird. I laugh about it now,” she told Cosmopolitan UK. “Everybody has different ways of handling stress.“And, for me, if I get really stressed thinking about something, I’ll start to have the same thought over and over again, and no matter how many times I get to the resolution, I feel like something bad is about to happen if I don’t keep thinking about it.”Cabello told the publication that she hasn’t always understood what triggered the condition but, following her diagnosis, she has learnt methods which help her to cope with it.“I didn’t know what it was and when I found out, and [learned] how to step back from it, it made me feel so much better,” she revealed. “I feel so much more in control of it now. To the point where I’m just like, ‘Aha! OK, this is just my OCD. I’ll ask my mom a question for the fourth time, and she’ll be like, ‘That’s OCD. You’ve got to let it go.”OCD is a common mental health condition in which a person has obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviours, the NHS explains.Symptoms of the condition can include an unpleasant thought, image or urge that repeatedly enters the mind, causing feelings of anxiety, disgust or unease and a repetitive behaviour or mental act that you feel you need to carry out to try to temporarily relieve the unpleasant feelings brought on by the obsessive thought.The main treatments for the condition are psychological therapy and medication.If you have been affected by any issues mentioned in this article, you can contact The Samaritans for free on 116 123 or any of the following mental health organisations:mind.org.ukmentalhealth.org.uk
High street retailer Argos has signed up to a scheme with charity Crohn’s and Colitis UK to allow people with bowel conditions to use their staff toilets in 800 stores.According to the charity, Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis are the two main forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and together they affect more than 300,000 people in the UK.One of the most common symptoms of the bowel conditions is sudden diarrhoea, and the charity states that a major anxiety for people living Crohn’s and Colitis is being refused access to toilets while out in public.To help make it easier for people with the conditions to find a toilet when they’re out, Argos has joined a list of retailers who now accept Crohn’s and Colitis UK’s Can’t Wait Card.The card, which is available to members of the charity, makes it easier for people to ask to use toilets in shops, restaurants and other buildings, without having to give a long explanation about their condition. The card displays a message which reads: “The holder of this card has inflammatory bowel disease and needs to use your toilet facilities urgently”.Membership costs £1.25 a month or £15 for a year and includes a range of other benefits, including a RADAR key which gives you independent access to over 9,000 locked public toilets around the country.Young people who are patients aged between 16 to 18 years in the UK are eligible for free membership.Sharing the news on Twitter, Crohn’s and Colitis UK wrote: “Great news: Retail giant @Argos_Online is recognising invisible diseases such as Crohn’s and Colitis, by allowing members with our Cant Wait Card to access staff toilets in 800 UK stores”.The announcement has been praised by a number of people on social media with many thanking the retailer for taking “such a positive step”.“This is fantastic news Argos! Let’s hope other retailers are inspired by your example,” one person wrote on Twitter.Another added: “Nice one Argos , it’s a small thing that means a lot to anyone with a bowel disease.”> GREAT NEWS: Retail giant @Argos_Online is recognising invisible diseases such as Crohns and Colitis, by allowing members with our CantWaitCard to access staff toilets in 800 UK stores. > > Find out how to get your Card and RadarKey when joining us: > > 👪 https://t.co/bpklzcKaHL pic.twitter.com/PjmvySn5iV> > — Crohn's & Colitis UK (@CrohnsColitisUK) > > July 20, 2019While a third person commented: “This is such a great idea. A positive step that hopefully will be followed by many more stores. For people who suffer from Crohns and Colitis it can be so stressful when out shopping with no in-store toilets.”An Argos spokesperson tells The Independent: “Argos is a proud supporter of Crohn’s & Colitis UK. Our group vision is to be the most inclusive retailer and we recognise that some customers often need to use a toilet, without delay. Together with our colleagues, we welcome the use of our facilities in store.”Dan McLean, communications director at Crohn’s & Colitis UK, added: "Argos is actively giving their support to many thousands of people with debilitating and chronic health conditions such as Crohn’s and Colitis; their help along with other national retailers, will reassure people and enable them to shop more confidently. This can reduce the stigma of toilet urgency and help to reduce isolation".Other companies that accept the cards include: Retail * Argos * B&Q * Co-op - 240 Midcounties stores * M&S * Starbucks - Northern Ireland * Superdrug * Waitrose * White Stuff * ZaraTravel hubs * Birmingham Airport * City of London Airport * Gatwick Airport * Luton Airport * Newcastle AirportThe announcement follows the launch of Crohn’s and Colitis UK’s Not Every Disability is Visible campaign, which aimed to raise awareness of people with invisible illnesses using disabled toilets.A survey issued by the charity found that 93 per cent of people would challenge someone who looks healthy if they saw them using a disabled toilet, while 61 per cent of people with the disease said they had experienced abuse.What’s more, around two thirds said they had been refused when they asked to jump the toilet queue because their disease isn’t visible.
Selma Blair has credited horseback riding for helping her “grow with self love” amid her ongoing battle with multiple sclerosis (MS).The actor, best known for her performances in Cruel Intentions, Legally Blonde and Hellboy, revealed in October 2018 that she’d been diagnosed with MS two months previously.The chronic condition can affect the brain and spinal cord, leading to symptoms including problems with vision, muscle spasms and fatigue, the NHS states.On Thursday, the star posted a photograph on Instagram of herself with her horse Sky Top and explained how animal therapy can provide relief to people living with chronic illnesses.In the photo’s caption, Blair said her trainer found her horse when she was struggling after the birth of her son, and that the animal has kept her feeling motivated.“We only had a short time before I couldn’t even get to him or stay on,” she said of her first few encounters with the horse.“But he has come so far. And even though I may seem like I have gone farther away, I am learning and getting healthier. Even as I get seemingly sicker,” Blair wrote.> View this post on Instagram> > After I gave birth and felt half dead all the time, after the rage and the tears, after my heart exploded with caring and understanding, before any diagnosis, I searched for this horse. I knew the only place I was really growing with self love was at @cellardoorequestrian . My trainer found me skytop. He needed to be able to handle kisses. Prerequisite. Truly. And he did. mrnibbles. We only had a short time before I couldn’t even get to him or stay on. But he has come so far. And even though I may seem like I have gone farther away, I am learning and getting healthier. Even as I get seemingly sicker. I will jump this horse around again. Affording horseshows will require some major work opportunities ahead. So I am asking for it all. I am asking. For all of us who want it. Ask. Ask. Listen. I have the unicorn. Now I have to be able to find him again. tbt. loveheals 💘> > A post shared by Selma Blair (@selmablair) on Jul 18, 2019 at 5:00am PDTWhile she is currently unable to ride the horse due to her illness, the actor said she is determined to ride the animal again.“Affording horse shows will require some major work opportunities ahead,” she added.Several of Blair’s followers have commented on her post praising her determination and courage.“You are such an incredible inspiration,” wrote one user.Another wrote: “Yes! You will ride again.”“Sorry Selma, I’ve got no words, just tears,” added another.According to the Mayo Clinic, animal-assisted therapy uses dogs or other animals to help people recover from or better cope with health problems such as heart disease, cancer and mental health disorders.> View this post on Instagram> > My staff. Good day. I get more comfortable as sun starts to go down. Does everybody? I wonder. It’s just a window for me. I have to be asleep by ten or never sleep.> > A post shared by Selma Blair (@selmablair) on May 20, 2019 at 4:11pm PDTIn 2017, the Royal College of Nursing drew up guidelines for medical institutions on how to use animal therapy safely and effectively, so all patients who might benefit are able to access it.Earlier this year, Blair opened up about her MS diagnosis, saying that when she learnt the diagnosis, she cried “tears of knowing I now had to give in to a body that had loss of control”.Blair told TV broadcaster Robin Roberts on Good Morning America that she’d unknowingly been experiencing symptoms of MS since the birth of her son in July 2011, and that she self-medicated when her son wasn’t with her.“You just have to, you can’t do it all,” the actor said. ”It’s fine to feel really crappy, and my son gets it, and now I’ve learnt not to feel guilty.”
Parkinson’s disease is the world’s second most common neurodegenerative disorder, behind Alzheimer’s disease.Comedian Billy Connolly recently announced that he is due to return to television, having previously retired from stand-up comedy following the announcement of his Parkinson's disease diagnosis.While it’s unknown exactly why people develop the condition, according to Parkinson’s UK, experts believe its a combination of genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the damage of nerve cells in the brain.So what are the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease and how can it be treated? Here’s everything you need to know. What is Parkinson’s disease?Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative neurological condition.This means that over time the brain of an individual living with the disease becomes more damaged, the NHS explains.A person living with Parkinson’s disease doesn’t have enough of the chemical dopamine in their brain, the Parkinson’s Foundation states.Dopamine is responsible for transmitting signals between nerve cells in the brain.When an individual experiences a loss of nerve cells in the brain, this causes a reduction in the quantity of dopamine in the brain. What are the symptoms?The main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include involuntary shaking (otherwise known as tremors), movement that’s slower than usual and stiffness in the muscles, the NHS outlines.Other symptoms may include difficulty balancing, nerve pain, incontinence, insomnia, excessive sweating, depression and anxiety.For more information about the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, visit the NHS here. How many people does it affect?Around 145,000 people in the UK are affected by Parkinson’s disease, Parkinson’s UK explains.This means that around one in every 350 adults is living with the degenerative condition.According to the NHS, symptoms of Parkinson’s usually develop after the age of 50.However, for every one in 20 people affected by the disease, symptoms may appear when they’re under the age of 40.The Parkinson’s Foundation outlines that men are 1.5 more likely than women to be affected by the condition.High-profile individuals to have been diagnosed with Parkinson’s include former US president George H. W. Bush, Back to the Future star Michael J. Fox and The Chase star Paul Sinha. How can it be treated?While there is no known cure for Parkinson’s disease, symptoms may be controlled through treatment.The most common form of treatment used for the condition is medication, Parkinson’s UK states.“Drug treatments aim to increase the level of dopamine that reaches the brain and stimulate the parts of the brain where dopamine works,” the charity explains.The medication used to treat Parkinson’s disease varies according to each patient.This is because as symptoms of the disorder progress, the drugs used to treat the condition may need to be changed.While drug treatment may help to manage Parkinson’s symptoms, it cannot slow the progression of the disease.The NHS explains that those living with Parkinson’s disease may also undergo physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and, in rare cases, brain surgery to treat the condition.For more information about Parkinson’s disease, visit Parkinson’s UK.
Pampers has developed a new smart sensor which alerts parents when their baby's nappy needs changing.Titled "Lumi by Pampers", the new product comes with two packs of nappies, two reusable detachable activity sensors and a WiFi-connected video monitor.By using the Lumi by Pampers app, which will be available on iPhone and Android, parents or guardians will be able to track an infant's activity, including when it has wet its nappy, the duration of its sleep and its feeding routine.The 1080p wide-angle HD video monitor, which has night vision, will also be able to track the temperature of the baby's bedroom and the humidity of the air.The information tracked on the app has an additional purpose other than being useful for parents.The app has also been designed to display data in a daily and weekly format, information which can then be shared with a baby's paediatrician.The nappies which come in the Lumi by Pampers pack have been designed with adhesive patches on the front, on top of which the detachable sensor is then place.The specially-designed nappies go up to size four, which would be used for babies weighing between seven to 18kg.While the smart sensor is undoubtedly innovative, it does have its setbacks.Despite having the ability to track when a baby's nappy is wet, it is unable to ascertain when an infant has defecated.Pampers has not yet revealed how much the Lumi by Pampers pack will retail for.However, the product is set to be released later this year.Earlier this week, research released by the World Health Organisation warned that many baby foods contain "inappropriately high levels of sugar".The investigation also found that several baby food products are being marketed incorrectly, as it states on the labels they're suitable for baby's under six months old despite the recommendation that baby's be exclusively breastfeed until they've reached that age."Food for infants and young children are expected to comply with various established nutrition and compositional recommendations," said Dr João Breda, head of the WHO European Office for Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases."Nonetheless, there are concerns that many products may still be too high in sugars."
Women who have diabetes are at greater risk of experiencing heart failure than men with the same condition, a new study has warned.According to research published in the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), women who have type 1 diabetes have a 47 per cent increased possibility of heart failure than men who have type 1 diabetes.Furthermore, women who have type 2 diabetes have a nine per cent higher chance than men of heart failure, the findings showed.The researchers gathered their data from 14 studies in total, which consisted of 47 cohorts and more than 12 million participants.The team wrote in the study that the "prevalence of diabetes and heart failure is increasing", with an increased risk of heart failure being noted among people who have diabetes.However, whether or not this correlation was the same for women and men was previously "unknown".The scientists found that women with type 1 diabetes had a 5.15 higher chance of experiencing heart failure, while men with the same condition had a 3.47 increased risk.Meanwhile, women with type 2 diabetes had a 1.95 times greater possibility of having heart failure, with men having a 1.74 times higher chance.According to the study's authors, there a number of reasons why women with diabetes may be at greater risk than men of experiencing heart failure.One of these reasons could be the fact that diabetes may put women at higher risk than men of developing coronary heart disease.The researchers noted that an increased risk of coronary heart disease had previously been discovered among women.Another possible reason includes the "undertreatment for women with diabetes", which could "subsequently lead to a stronger association of diabetes with heart failure in women than men"."In conclusion, the excess risk of heart failure following diagnosis of diabetes is significantly greater in women than men, highlighting the importance of intensive prevention and treatment of diabetes for women as well as men," the authors wrote."Further research is required to understand the mechanisms underpinning the excess risk of heart failure conferred by diabetes – particularly type 1 – in women and to reduce the burden associated with diabetes in both sexes."Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood around the body sufficiently, the British Heart Foundation states.It is a long-term condition, which gradually worsens over the time and for which there is no cure.Symptoms of heart failure include experiencing shortness of breath, having swelling on the feet, ankles, stomach and lower back area, and feeling fatigued or weak.For more information about heart failure, visit the British Heart Foundation website here.For more information about diabetes, visit the Diabetes UK website here.
Alexa Chung has revealed on Instagram that she suffers from endometriosis, adding that she thinks the condition "sucks".On Thursday, the television presenter-turned-fashion designer shared a photograph of herself on the social media platform standing in a hospital corridor with a cotton wool ball taped to her hand, suggesting she had an intravenous cannula temporarily placed in her hand.Chung captioned the post: “I don’t want to belong to any club that would accept me as a member, but here I am.”The 35-year-old tagged the image with several hashtags related to endometriosis including “endometriosisclub”, “sorryifyouhaveittooitsucks”, and “endometriosisawareness”.According to the NHS, endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb starts to grow in other places, such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes.> View this post on Instagram> > I don’t want to belong to any club that would accept me as a member, but here I am. endometriosisclub partytime woohoo lifelongmembership sorryifyouhaveittooitsucks endometriosisawareness> > A post shared by Alexa Chung (@alexachung) on Jul 18, 2019 at 3:57am PDTThe long-term health condition can affect women of any age, but it is most common in women in their 30s and 40s. Its symptoms can range from pain in the lower stomach and pelvis to discomfort during or after sex, and heavy bleeding during a woman’s menstrual cycle.Endometriosis UK estimates that one in 10 women of reproductive age in the UK suffer from the condition, making it the second most common gynaecological condition in the country. Several celebrities and the designer’s followers have commented on her post to share their messages of love and support.Broadcast journalist Stacey Dooley commented on the photograph with several heart emojis.US photographer and filmmaker Pamela Hanson posted a crying emoji, while French singer Lou Doillon wrote “same” with the hashtag “compassion”.Meanwhile, other women have shared their own stories about living with the condition.One user wrote: “Welcome to the tuffest club there is. Like fight club, but with a uterus. [sic]”Another added: “Diagnosed 38 years ago in the Bronze Age. A healthy pregnancy and twenty-four months of breast feeding radically changed my condition for the better for the duration of my childbearing years.”Chung later posted a selfie on Instagram Stories wearing a hospital and a patient identification bracelet. Her hand is placed over her stomach.The star joked in a caption written on the post: “This sexy lil number was completely open in the back and made from the finest printed cotton poplin.“Ties and trims are grosgrain ribbon. One size fits all. Stunning bracelet made from digital print paper and sellotape (every bangle is personalised to order).”Other celebrities to have spoken out about their diagnosis of endometriosis in recent years include actor Sarah Hyland, TV presenter Julia Bradbury, and Girls star Lena Dunham.In 2018, Dunham revealed that she had undergone a total hysterectomy – a procedure that surgically removes the cervix and uterus - following years of suffering from chronic pain as a result of endometriosis.Months later, she underwent additional surgery to remove her left ovary.
Shay Mitchell has opened up about how she felt "broken" following her miscarriage last year.The actor, who is currently expecting her first child with her partner Matte Babel, also touched upon the difficulty of being pregnant in the public eye.Earlier this year, the Pretty Little Liars star announced that she was expecting, sharing a photograph from a fashion shoot on Instagram and a two-minute video on YouTube titled: "Guess Who's Preggers."The previous year, the actor had experienced a miscarriage 14 weeks into her first pregnancy.In a new video shared on her YouTube channel, Mitchell explained that being pregnant can have a negative impact on one's personal sense of identity, especially when an expectant mother is keeping the news of her pregnancy a secret."This is the s****y side of being pregnant when no one knows, because you can't go out to see anyone, you don't want to see anyone. I don't feel like myself," the 32-year-old said in an emotional clip filmed prior to her pregnancy reveal."It really sort of messed me up a little bit," Mitchell stated, with regards to not being as sociable as she had been previously.In the video, the actor also detailed the shock she felt when she experienced a miscarriage, as she was "completely blindsided by it".Having been just over three months into her pregnancy, Mitchell said hadn't been aware of the percentage of pregnancies which end in miscarriage.According to the Miscarriage Association, around one in four pregnancies end in miscarriage."I still have those photos on my phone [of ultrasound scans] and I still have all the doctor visits and it's weird because I haven't looked at them, obviously. But it's not like I forgot about that happening," the You star stated."So of course I'm like super happy, but I still feel for that one that I lost."In the video, Mitchell led a tour around a bedroom which she described as the "baby's room", which has not yet been decorated.The actor explained that she wants to wait "as late as possible" to prepare the room for her first child due to her miscarriage experience.Mitchell stated that experiencing a miscarriage is "really tough because you feel broken as a woman".You can call the Miscarriage Association helpline on 01924 200799. The helpline is open Monday to Friday from 9am until 4pm.
A number of medical experts are calling for obesity to be classed as a disease in order to encourage people to seek treatment.John Wilding, professor of medicine at the institute of ageing and chronic disease at the University of Liverpool, and Vicki Mooney, executive director of the European Coalition for People living with Obesity (EASO), argue that the view obesity is “self-inflicted and that it is the individual’s responsibility to do something about it, is “inaccurate” and reinforces stigma around being overweight.Instead, the pair believe that the role played by genetics combined with the illnesses created by obesity, such as Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and some cancers, means it should be defined as a disease.According to the NHS, obesity is thought to affect around one in every four adults in the UK, and roughly one in five children aged 10 to 11.Body mass index (BMI) is widely used as a simple and reliable way of finding out whether a person is a healthy weight for their height.For most adults, the NHS states that having a BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 means you’re considered to be a healthy weight. A person with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered to be overweight, and someone with a BMI over 30 is considered to be obese.Wilding and Mooney add that the Oxford Dictionary supports their argument with its definition of disease as “a disorder of structure or function ... especially one that produces specific symptoms ... and is not simply a direct result of physical injury”.They also state that obesity, in which excess body fat has accumulated to such an extent that health may be adversely affected, has been considered a disease by the World Health Organisation since 1936.“Studies in twins show that 40-70 per cent of the variability in weight is inherited,” Wilding and Mooney write in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) to bolster the theory that obesity is influenced by genetics.“Body weight, fat distribution, and risk of complications are strongly influenced by biology – it is not an individual’s fault if they develop obesity.”The pair add that recognising obesity as a chronic disease with severe complications rather than a lifestyle choice could help “reduce the stigma and discrimination experienced by many people with obesity”.They write: “Instead of discouraging them from seeking treatment it should give them permission to do so.“The stigmatisation of obesity leaves patients fearful of discussing their weight, and they turn to fad diets or non-prescription medication because they assume that their obesity is solely their responsibility.”However, not all medical professionals agree with Wilding and Mooney’s stance on the issue.In contrast, Dr Richard Pile, a GP from St Albans, said the Oxford Dictionary definition of disease “is so vague that we can classify almost anything as a disease”.Also writing in the BMJ, Pile argues that recommending a change implies that current NHS and public health strategies are “doomed to failure without classifying obesity as a disease“.”Labelling obesity as a disease risks reducing autonomy, disempowering and robbing people of the intrinsic motivation that is such an important enabler of change,” Pile adds.“It encourages fatalism, promoting the fallacy that genetics are destiny.”The debate in the BMJ follows calls from the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) in January for the Government and the NHS to urgently recognise obesity as a disease.The RCP said it wanted to see obesity recognised as an ongoing chronic disease to allow the creation of formal healthcare policies to improve care both in doctors’ surgeries and hospitals.It argued that obesity is not a lifestyle choice caused by individual greed “but a disease caused by health inequalities, genetic influences and social factors”.
This Morning’s resident psychologist Emma Kenny has opened up about the grief of losing her father to suicide in a heartbreaking video posted on social media.Kenny, who regularly addresses mental health issues on the ITV programme, explained her father had been struggling with psychosis for eight months and “sadly lost his battle” with the condition on Monday.“He took his own life,” the 45-year-old said in the video, “I found him but I was just about 30 seconds too late, I didn't get that chance".The TV psychologist had previously spoken out about her father’s illness with her fans and went on to thank them for their continued support.“My dad’s end does not define who he was,” Kenny continued. “Mental illness does not define you. He was the strongest, the most wonderful and most beautiful human being you could’ve ever met.”Kenny went on to criticise mental health services in the UK, saying she was “ashamed” of the care available to her father.“I’m sorry for any of you who are going through this,” she added, referring to the grief of losing someone through suicide, before proceeding to offer some advice to those with family members who are struggling with their mental health.“Just go that extra mile for somebody who’s in need,” she said. “It could feel relentless, frustrating, boring annoying, it can aggravate you when someone is constantly mentally unwell but they’re not doing it on purpose.”Kenny continued: “Notice that person who’s quiet in the office. Notice that individual whose mood seems to have changed. If somebody’s asked for attention, give it to them. “Thanks for all your support. I’m sorry it’s not a happy video. I know all of you would’ve wished for it to be a different outcome.”Kenny’s video has prompted a wave of support from fans, with thousands of people offering their condolences and thanking the psychologist for speaking out.> So sorry for your loss Emma, you are right the mental health service in this country is awful. I've been supporting a relative for the past year who has bipolar and sometimes it isn't easy but we are all has as the servicea just aren't there. Take care of yourself, thinking of u> > — Louise (@LouiseLacy) > > July 10, 2019“So sorry to hear this Emma,” wrote one person on Twitter. “It doesn’t define him as you say and we cannot control the outcome. You did your best and you father knew that. Sending lots of love and puppy love to you.”Another added: “Oh Emma, I am so very sorry to hear of your loss. Sending you lots of love and hugs your way. Mental health and suicide, particularly in men, must be tackled to become less taboo. Only then can we save lives. You’re in my thoughts.”If you have been affected by any issues mentioned in this article, you can contact The Samaritans for free on 116 123 or any of the following mental health organisations:mind.org.ukmentalhealth.org.uk
As one of the most common neurological disorders in the world, epilepsy affects approximately 50 million people across the globe.Despite its prevalence, there may be a lot of information you don't know about the condition, such as possible causes of it and how it can be diagnosed.On 6 July, 20-year-old Disney Channel actor Cameron Boyce died at his home in Los Angeles.On Tuesday, a report from the Los Angeles Country Medical Examiner-Coroner confirmed that Boyce’s death was linked to his epilepsy.The report, which called the actor's death a “sudden unexpected death from epilepsy”, was consistent with his family’s earlier statement that linked his death to the ongoing medical condition.Earlier this month, Boyce's family told People magazine that the 20-year-old’s "tragic passing was due to a seizure as a result of an ongoing medical condition, and that condition was epilepsy”.Here's everything you need to know about epilepsy and how many people it affects: What is epilepsy?Epilepsy is a neurological, life-long condition which affects the brain.It's the fourth most common neurological disorder, the Epilepsy Foundation states, and affects people of all ages.When an individual has epilepsy, they may be prone to experiencing frequent, unpredictable seizures.These seizures happen when a sudden burst of electrical activity occurs in the brain, Epilepsy Action outlines.While electrical activity is always happening in the brain, an unexpected burst can temporarily cause the brain to stop working as it should. What are the different types of epileptic seizures?There are several different kinds of epileptic seizures, Epilepsy Action outlines.These include the following: * Focal seizures * Tonic-clonic seizures * Absence seizures * Myoclonic seizures * Tonic seizures * Atonic seizuresFor more information on how various epileptic seizures differ, click here. How many people does it affect?Epilepsy affects one in 100 people in the UK, Epilepsy Action states.Approximately 87 people in the country are diagnosed with the condition every day.According to the Epilepsy Society, one in 20 people are likely to have a one-off epileptic seizure at some point in their lifetime.However, this does not necessarily mean that they have epilepsy.While epilepsy can develop at any age, it tends to be more common in young children or older people, the Epilepsy Foundation outlines. What causes epilepsy?While doctors are unable to pinpoint what causes epilepsy in more than half of cases, there are several possible causes of the neurological condition, Epilepsy Action explains.This causes include experiencing a stroke, a previous brain condition such as meningitis, suffering a head injury and any problems that occurred during childbirth. How is it diagnosed?If you experience a seizure, your GP is likely to refer you to a specialist, the NHS explains.This specialist is likely to be a neurologist, who can assess how your seizure was connected to your brain's activity.Epilepsy isn't always diagnosed quickly, as other conditions such as migraines and panic attacks can have similar symptoms.Furthermore, you probably won't be diagnosed with epilepsy unless you've experienced more than one seizure, as some people who experience one epileptic seizure may not necessarily have the long-term condition.The tests carried out to determine whether or not you have epilepsy may include an electroencephalogram, during which small sensors are attached to your scalp, and a brain scan. How is it treated?People with epilepsy are prescribed specific medicines from their doctor, Epilepsy Action states.While the medicines, which are sometimes called anti-epileptic drugs, doesn't cure the condition, it may reduce the number of seizures you experience.If anti-epileptic drugs don't work, then doctors may suggest undergoing brain surgery or a type of surgery called vagus nerve stimulation.When vagus nerve stimulation is conducted, mild pulses of electrical energy are sent to the brain through the vagus nerve, the Epilepsy Foundation states. This process prevents seizures. What is Purple Day?Purple Day, which falls on the same date every year, is a day which aims to raise awareness of epilepsy on a global scale and to break down any taboos surrounding the topic.The day was created by Cassidy Megan, a nine-year-old Canadian girl with epilepsy.The first Purple Day event was held in 2008, with the help of the Epilepsy Association of Nova Scotia.On the day, people are encouraged to wear purple clothing to show their support.The colour purple is commonly associated with epilepsy because of the plant lavender's ability to relax the central nervous system.Having been diagnosed with epilepsy at the age of seven, Megan wants to people with epilepsy know "that they aren't alone".Purple Day is now celebrated around the world in more than 100 countries.For information on what to do if you see someone having an epileptic seizure, click here.
Cori "Coco" Gauff's parents have expressed their pride in their daughter on Instagram following the 15-year-old's fourth-round defeat at the Wimbledon Championships.No matter who goes home with the top prizes at this year's Wimbledon, one of the biggest talking points of the entire tournament is unquestionably the trajectory of teenage tennis player Gauff.Having entered the competition as a wildcard, the tennis star proceeded to knock out five-time Wimbledon women's singles champion Venus Williams in the first round.The teenager was eventually beaten by former world number one Simona Halep in the fourth round, receiving praise from high-profile celebrities including former US first lady Michelle Obama.Following Gauff's departure from Wimbledon, her parents, Corey and Candi Gauff, shared heartfelt messages on Instagram detailing the pride they feel in their daughter's performance at her first Grand Slam.> View this post on Instagram> > So proud of you!!!! You did great. The BEST IS YET TO COME!!!! Ok cocogauff> > A post shared by Candi Gauff (@candigauff) on Jul 8, 2019 at 8:35am PDT"So proud of you!!!! You did great," Gauff's mother's message reads. "The BEST IS YET TO COME!!!!"The former track and field star athlete shared a black-and-white photograph of Gauff taken as she celebrated her third-round victory against Polona Hercog, during which she came back from a set down to win the match.> View this post on Instagram> > I am proud of you @cocogauff ! Thank you everyone for your support! dreamBIG> > A post shared by Corey Gauff (@coreygauff) on Jul 9, 2019 at 2:18pm PDTCorey Gauff stated that he is "proud" in his daughter, using the hashtag "dreamBIG".The former college basketball player shared a selection of photographs taken during the tournament.Several people have praised Corey and Candi Gauff for the support they showed their teenage daughter during the most significant moment in her tennis career."Congratulations to Coco and the two people that have moulded her into the lovely young lady and spectacular athlete that she is today!!" one person commented on Instagram."I applaud you and your wife being present. It really does matter and it's wonderful to see," another added.To read all about the top feminist moments at this year's Wimbledon Championships, click here.For all the latest news on Wimbledon, click here.
The Duchess of Sussex has been spotted with her son Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor at a charity polo match.In his third public outing, Archie is pictured in his mother's arms at the King Power Royal Charity Polo Day, held at Billingbear Polo Club in Berkshire on Wednesday.The duchess and her two-month-old son were in attendance at the event to support the Duke of Sussex, who took part in the polo match in an effort to win the Khun Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha Memorial Polo Trophy.Meghan opted for a casual look at the sports day, donning a khaki green short-sleeved dress, gold-rimmed sunglasses and wearing her hair down.The charity polo match took place less than a week after Archie was christened at the Private Chapel at Windsor Castle on Saturday 6 July.Also in attendance at the charity polo match were the Duchess of Cambridge and her three children – Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis.The royals watched as the Dukes of Cambridge and Sussex competed against one another, Prince William with the King Power Air Asia team and Prince Harry with the Tarmac team.The aim of the polo event is to raise money and awareness for charitable organisations supported by the dukes.It is held in memory of the late Leicester City chairman Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, who died last October in a helicopter crash.Following Archie's christening on Saturday, Buckingham Palace released two photographs of the baby with his family.The images were taken by photographer Chris Allerton, who also photographed Prince Harry and Meghan at their royal wedding reception in May 2018.In the pictures, Archie wears a replica of the Royal Christening Robe, a garment which has been worn by several members of the royal family.On Thursday 4 July, Meghan made a surprise appearance at the Wimbledon Championships.The royal was photographed in the Royal Box on Centre Court, watching as her close friend Serena Williams defeated Kaja Juvan in her second-round match.The duchess wore a gold necklace with a small "A" charm hanging from it, in an apparent nod to her son.The delicate piece of jewellery was reportedly designed by Sydney-based jeweller Verse Fine Jewellery.
Kanye West has spoken about the importance of understanding mental health conditions, stating that the term “crazy” will not be used “loosely in future”.The rapper revealed he had been diagnosed with bipolar disorder when promoting his 2018 album Ye, describing it as a “superpower” in his song "Yikes".In a new interview with Forbes magazine, the father-of-four discussed his condition and the way in which people discuss mental health.“‘Crazy’ is a word that’s not gonna be used loosely in the future,” West told the publication.“Understand that this is actually a condition that people can end up in, be born into, driven into and go in and out. And there’s a lot of people that have been called that ‘C’ word that have ended up on this cover,” he added in reference to his position as the cover star of the magazine.Earlier this year, the fashion designer said that his bipolar symptoms can lead him to feel “hyper-paranoid” about his surroundings.Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition which can lead to extreme mood swings, the NHS explains. Symptoms can include periods depression and phases of mania.In an interview with David Letterman for the Netflix show My Next Guest Needs No Introduction with David Letterman in May, West detailed his experiences of "ramping up" due to his mental health condition, saying that doing so can make him feel better able to express his personality.“What I want to say about the bipolar thing is because it has the word ‘bi’ in it, it has the idea of, like, split personality. Well, that works for me because I’m a Gemini, but when you ramp up, it expresses your personality more,” he said.West isn’t the only celebrity to have spoken about how their mental health conditions helps them to see the world from a different prospective.Earlier this year, teenage climate change activist Greta Thunberg explained how the “gift” of living with Asperger syndrome helps her “see things from outside the box” when it comes to climate change.Also in his interview with Forbes, West opened up about his design process and inspiration behind his footwear line, Yeezy, which he launched with Nike in 2009.Citing former Apple co-founder Steve Jobs as his idol, the designer said: “I am a product guy at my core.“To make products that make people feel an immense amount of joy and solve issues and problems in their life, that’s the problem-solving that I love to do.”West added that his childhood obsession with the Lamborghini Countach (his father took him to an auto show featuring the sports car), has meant that there is a “little bit of Lamborghini” in everything he does.“Yeezy is the Lamborghini of shoes,” he noted.The designer, who is married to entrepreneur Kim Kardashian-West, first flexed his design muscles when he created a shoe for the Japanese apparel company A Bathing Ape in 2007, which featured a teddy bear logo which similarly appeared on many of the singer’s early album covers.As a result, West said that the opportunity resulted in him forging numerous friends in the industry including Hedi Slimane, the former creative director of Dior Homme and Yves Saint Laurent.“You’re going to do something really strong in shoes,” he recalled Slimane once telling him.Opening up about his relationship with his wife of four years, West said that given the couple’s busy work schedules, they often swap ideas about their businesses during “bedtime true-crime story meetings”, which involves the reality star watching police procedurals while West shows her his design concepts.“He pushes people to do their best and pushes people even outside of their comfort zone, which really helps people grow,” Kardashian West said of West’s work ethic.