Phonics is a method for teaching reading and writing of the English language in a logical manner. The goal of phonics is to enable beginning readers to decode new written words by sounding them out, or, in phonics terms, blending the sounds to make up words.
I am using the Jolly Phonics technique in my article. There are different curriculums for Phonics and in my experience, Jolly Phonics is very child centred and friendly. It can also be easily adapted to meet the needs and learning patterns of a child.
The sequence is as follow:
1) Learning the letter sounds from a to z (using a story, action, activities, rhymes)
2) Learning the letter formation
3) Blending these letter sounds to make words
5) Segmentation which is basically dictation or spelling
6) Tricky words/Sight words
The first step is to learn the letter sounds of the English Alphabet. Children should learn each letter by its sound, not its name. For instance, the letter a should be called a (as in ant) not ai (as in aim). Similarly, the letter n should be nn (as in net), not en. This will help in blending. The names of each letter can follow later.
After this step we then teach child to blend. A child who already knows all their letter sounds will be shown the CVC word 'cat' and asked to read it out loud. This is where they need their knowledge of the letter sound to 'blend' these letter sounds together, so they are saying the whole word and not three individual sounds.
CVC word is a word that is made up of a consonant, vowel and consonant sound. Most children get confused with the vowel (a,e,i,o,u) sounds in CVC words. One way to effectivity eliminate this confusion is by strengthening the auditory sensitivity of a child.
The video explains a fun DIY game which can be prepared within minutes from things which are already available at home.
- Coloured Paper
- Cloth Pegs
- Markers/sketch Pens
- Cut the coloured paper into strips.
- Using a marker, write simple CVC words without the middle letter.
- Now, write the vowels a,e,i,o,u on 5 pegs and provide this set up to the child.
Watch the detailed video for more possibilities and ideas to reuse this same activity.
Also read: Importance of Teaching Colors To Children
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