The Berlin Wall: Then and now — 30 years later

Tourists in front of the Berlin Wall in Germany at the Brandenburg Gate in June 1989; people walk near the same monument in October. (Photos: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters, Alexander Koerner/Getty Images)

Nov. 9, 2019, will mark the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, which quickly led to the collapse of the communist East German government.

Revolutions across other communist countries of the East bloc soon followed.

The Berlin Wall, built by the communist authorities of East Germany, stood from 1961 until 1989 and prevented East Germans from fleeing to West Berlin.

At least 136 people, many of them shot dead by East German border guards, were killed trying to escape. (Getty Images/Yahoo News)

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The Brandenburg Gate

1961: Barbed wire in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. (Photo: John Waterman/Fox Photos/Getty Images)

2019: A long-exposure photo shows the Brandenburg Gate on Oct. 30. (Photo: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters)

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Oberbaumbrücke Bridge

1964: West Berliner women over 60 carrying luggage as they sadly return to the Oberbaumbrüche checkpoint at the Berlin Wall after a 14-day visitation period in East Berlin. (Photo: Robert Lackenbach/The LIFE Images Collection via Getty Images/Getty Images)

2019: People walk across Oberbaumbrücke Bridge on Oct. 24 in Berlin. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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Scheidemannstrasse near the Brandenburg Gate

1966: The Berlin Wall snakes its way through the divided city in May 1966. In the background stands the 18th century Brandenburg Gate, now symbolically situated between East and West Berlin. (Photo: John Waterman/Fox Photos/Getty Images)

2019: Cars drive along Scheidemannstrasse near the Brandenburg Gate, where the Berlin Wall once stood, on Oct. 23, in Berlin. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)


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Bernauer Strasse

1962: Two women wave to people on the other side of the Berlin Wall in East Berlin. (Photo: Zwei Frauen an der Berliner Mauer/Getty Images)

2019: A man on a bicycle rides along where the Berlin Wall once stood on Bernauer Strasse on Oct. 25. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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Boyenstrasse

1961: Two women along Boyenstrasse at the Berlin Wall in Germany. (Photo: Zwei Frauen an der Berliner Mauer/Getty Images)

2019: Two women walk along Boyenstrasse, where a portion of the Berlin Wall once stood, on Oct. 24. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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Checkpoint Charlie

1961: American tanks and troops at Checkpoint Charlie, a crossing point at the Berlin Wall between the American and Soviet sectors of the city at the junction of Friedrichstrasse, Zimmerstrasse and Mauerstrasse, in February 1961. (Photo: Express Newspapers/Getty Images)

2019: Visitors crowd Checkpoint Charlie on Oct. 23, where the American zone of occupation met East Berlin during the Cold War. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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Köthener Strasse

1972: An excavator demolishes a portion of the wall in July 1972 near Köthener Strasse and Stresemannstrasse. (Photo: Ullstein Bild via Getty Images)

2019: A young woman rides a bicycle at the corner of Köthener Strasse and Stresemannstrasse on Oct. 24 in Berlin. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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Leuschnerdamm Street

1963: A woman hangs clothing out to dry on a line strung between a tree and the Berlin Wall in November 1963. (Photo: Express Newspapers/Getty Images)

2019: People walk along Leuschnerdamm on Oct. 23, along which the Berlin Wall once ran, near St. Michael’s Church in Berlin. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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Sebastianstrasse

1963: Children play on slabs of concrete next to the Berlin Wall along Sebastianstrasse. The slabs were meant to prevent U.S. jeeps from being able to patrol the area in 1963. (Photo: Bettmann/Getty Images)

2019: Two women walk along Sebastianstrasse, along which the Berlin Wall once ran, on Oct. 21. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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Bernauer Strasse memorial

1979: A wreath, seen in September 1979, hangs in memory of Bernauer Strasse resident Rudolf Urban, who died, like several other residents, by jumping into the western part of Berlin. (Photo: Volkmar Hoffmann/picture alliance via Getty Images)

2019: A plaque in honor of Rudolf Urban, who died from injuries he sustained while trying to flee from East Berlin into West Berlin, rests on the sidewalk on Oct. 31 next to metal poles that represent where the Berlin Wall once stood at Bernauer Strasse. (Photo: Sean Gallup/Getty Images)

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